Microphysics of Clouds and Precipitation (Google eBook)

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Springer Science & Business Media, Jun 25, 2010 - Science - 954 pages
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Cloud physics has achieved such a voluminous literature over the past few decades that a significant quantitative study of the entire field would prove unwieldy. This book concentrates on one major aspect: cloud microphysics, which involves the processes that lead to the formation of individual cloud and precipitation particles. Common practice has shown that one may distinguish among the following addi tional major aspects: cloud dynamics, which is concerned with the physics respon sible for the macroscopic features of clouds; cloud electricity, which deals with the electrical structure of clouds and the electrification processes of cloud and precipi tation particles; and cloud optics and radar meteorology, which describe the effects of electromagnetic waves interacting with clouds and precipitation. Another field intimately related to cloud physics is atmospheric chemistry, which involves the chemical composition ofthe atmosphere and the life cycle and characteristics of its gaseous and particulate constituents. In view of the natural interdependence of the various aspects of cloud physics, the subject of microphysics cannot be discussed very meaningfully out of context. Therefore, we have found it necessary to touch briefly upon a few simple and basic concepts of cloud dynamics and thermodynamics, and to provide an account of the major characteristics of atmospheric aerosol particles. We have also included a separate chapter on some of the effects of electric fields and charges on the precipitation-forming processes.
  

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Contents

CHAPTER 1 HISTORICAL REVIEW
1
CHAPTER 2 MICROSTRUCTURE OF ATMOSPHERIC CLOUDS ANDPRECIPITATION
10
CHAPTER 3 THE STRUCTURE OF WATER SUBSTANCE
74
CHAPTER 4 EQUILIBRIUM BETWEEN WATER VAPOR WATEIt AQUEOUSSOLUTIONS AND ICE IN BULK
100
CHAPTER 5 SURFACE PROPERTIES OF WATER SUBSTANCE
126
CHAPTER 6 EQUILIBRIUM BEHAVIOR OF CLOUD DROPS AND ICEPARTICLES
167
CHAPTER 7 HOMOGENEOUS NUCLEATION
191
CHAPTER 8 THE ATMOSPHERIC AEROSOL AND TRACE GASES
216
CHAPTER 13 DIFFUSION GROWTH AND EVAPORATION OF WATER DROPSAND SNOW CRYSTALS
502
CHAPTER 14 CLOUD PARTICLE INTERACTIONS
568
CHAPTER 15 GROWTH OF CLOUD DROPS BY COLLISION COALESCENCEAND BREAKUP
617
CHAPTER 16 GROWTH OF ICE PARTICLES BY ACCRETION AND ICEPARTICLE MELTING
659
CHAPTER17 CLOUD CHEMISTRY
700
CHAPTER 18 CLOUD ELECTRICITY
792
APPENDICES
853
REFERENCES
874

CHAPTER 9 HETEROGENEOUS NUCLEATION
287
CHAPTER 10 HYDRODYNAMICS OF SINGLE CLOUD AND PRECIPITATIONPARTICLES
361
CHAPTER Il MECHANICS OF THE ATMOSPHERIC AEROSOL
447
CHAPTER 12 COOLING OF MOIST AIR
485
LIST OF PRINCIPAL SYMBOLS
935
TABLE OF PHYSICAL CONSTANTS
944
INDEX
945
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