Microphysics of Clouds and Precipitation (Google eBook)
This book provides the most comprehensive treatment to date of the microphysical processes which lead to cloud and precipitation formation. Emphasis is placed on presenting a quantitative description of the various mechanisms (e.g. nucleation, diffusional growth and evaporation, collisional growth and breakup) which lead to the formation of cloud and precipitation particles, individually and in populations.
The second edition of this highly acclaimed book has been extensively updated to incorporate new research reported in a large number of articles and dozens of books and conference proceedings published since the first edition. Some highlights include: a new chapter on cloud chemistry; improved statistical mechanics models for homogeneous and heterogeneous ice nucleation; better data on aerosol size distribution and on fundamental properties of water; new data and models for asymmetric flow past particles of various shapes and for drop oscillation and breakup; extended treatment of drop coalescence and particle collision cross-sections, including some new effects of turbulence; more complete simulations of stochastic growth; expanded treatment of growth modes of graupel, rime and hailstones; new field data and modelling concerning effects of electric fields and charges on cloud microphysics.
Audience:The book is directed primarily at undergraduate and graduate level students of cloud physics, as well as at specialists in the field of aerosol physics, cloud dynamics, climate modelling, air chemistry, air pollution, and weather modification.
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CHAPTER 1 HISTORICAL REVIEW
CHAPTER 2 MICROSTRUCTURE OF ATMOSPHERIC CLOUDS ANDPRECIPITATION
CHAPTER 3 THE STRUCTURE OF WATER SUBSTANCE
CHAPTER 4 EQUILIBRIUM BETWEEN WATER VAPOR WATEIt AQUEOUSSOLUTIONS AND ICE IN BULK
CHAPTER 5 SURFACE PROPERTIES OF WATER SUBSTANCE
CHAPTER 6 EQUILIBRIUM BEHAVIOR OF CLOUD DROPS AND ICEPARTICLES
CHAPTER 7 HOMOGENEOUS NUCLEATION
CHAPTER 8 THE ATMOSPHERIC AEROSOL AND TRACE GASES
CHAPTER 13 DIFFUSION GROWTH AND EVAPORATION OF WATER DROPSAND SNOW CRYSTALS
CHAPTER 14 CLOUD PARTICLE INTERACTIONS
CHAPTER 15 GROWTH OF CLOUD DROPS BY COLLISION COALESCENCEAND BREAKUP
CHAPTER 16 GROWTH OF ICE PARTICLES BY ACCRETION AND ICEPARTICLE MELTING
CHAPTER17 CLOUD CHEMISTRY
CHAPTER 18 CLOUD ELECTRICITY
adsorption aerosol particles aqueous assumed atmosphere behavior breakup Brownian Chapter charge chemical cloud base cloud drops coagulation coalescence coefficient collision efficiency computed condensation consider constant contact angle courtesy curve decreasing density diameter diffusion distribution drop radius droplets eddy effect electric field energy entrainment equation equilibrium experimental Figure flow flux freezing function given graupel growth rate hailstones heat ice crystals ice nucleation ice particle increasing interface ions Junge kcal larger layer liquid water content Mason mass mechanism Meteor motion nucleation number concentration oblate spheroid observed obtained parcel phase ppbv pressure Pruppacher radii raindrops ratio relative humidity Reynolds number riming salt particles saturation scavenging Section Seinfeld snow crystals solution drop spectrum sphere spherical Stokes Stokes flow studies substrate supercooled supercooled water supersaturation temperature terminal velocity troposphere turbulent values variation water drops water molecules water vapor