Oceanography: An Illustrated Guide
Oceans cover over 70% of the planet's surface and are essential to life on earth, yet their deepest mysteries remained unexplored until very recently when 20th century technological advances allowed the vast expansion of our frontiers of knowledge, and worldwide interest in oceanography grew rapidly.
Combining the skills of 40 contributors from world-renowned teaching and research establishments, this richly illustrated introduction to oceanography is suitable for coursework and appeals to a wide readership without compromising standards of scientific rigour.
With coverage ranging from history and instrumentation to the physical geography, meteorology, biology and chemistry of the sea and its ecosystems, Oceanography provides the reader with an authoritative, comprehensive guide while promoting awareness of current ecological concerns governing man's relationship with the oceans.
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The Global Oceans
The Geological Time Scale
Standard International SI Units
1 How the Science of Oceanography Developed
2 The Atmosphere and the Ocean
3 The Role of Ocean Circulation in the Changing Climate
12 The Marine Carbonate System
Animals in the Deep Sea
14 Light Colour and Vision in the Ocean
15 Ocean Diversity
16 Life in Estuaries Salt Marshes Lagoons and Coastal Waters
17 Artificial Reefs
18 Scientific Diving
19 Marine Instrumentation
4 Ocean Weather Eddies in the Sea
5 Observing Oceans from Space
6 Marine Phytoplankton Blooms
7 Snow Falls in the Open Ocean
8 The Evolution and Structure of Ocean Basins
9 Slides Debris Flows and Turbidity Currents
10 MidOcean Ridges and Hydrothermal Activity
A Global Chemical System
Abyssal Plain acoustic animals artificial reefs asthenosphere atmosphere benthic biological bioluminescence bloom carbon changes Chapter chemical climate coastal colour concentration continental continental slope Courtesy cycle debris flow deep ocean deep water deep-sea density deposits depth dissolved distribution Earth eddies energy environment equation estuary euphausiids example Figure fish flux global habitat heat hydrothermal hydrothermal vent increase instruments latitudes layer light lithosphere marine snow material measurements ment metres Mid-Atlantic Ridge mid-ocean mid-ocean ridge North Atlantic observations occur ocean basins oceanic crust Oceanography offshore organic oxygen Pacific particles pelagic phytoplankton plankton processes production profiles radiation range reflected regions ridge rocks salinity samples satellite scale scientists sea bed sea floor sea surface sea water sedi sediment sensors ships side-scan sonar slope sonar Southampton species surface waters temperature tion transport turbidite turbidity current velocity vent vertical water column waves wind zone zooplankton