Evolutionism in Cultural Anthropology: A Critical History
Evolutionism in Cultural Anthropologytraces the interaction of evolutionary thought and anthropological theory from Herbert Spencer to the twenty-first century. It is a focused examination of how the idea of evolution has continued to provide anthropology with a master principle around which a vast body of data can be organized and synthesized. Erudite and readable, and quoting extensively from early theorists (such as Edward Tylor, Lewis Henry Morgan, John McLennan, Henry Maine, and James Frazer) so that the reader might judge them on the basis of their own words, Evolutionism in Cultural Anthropology is useful reading for courses in anthropological theory and the history of anthropology.
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The Determinants of Cultural Evolution
AntiEvolutionism in the Ascendancy
Early Stages in the Reemergence of Evolutionism
Issues m Late Midcentury Evolutionism
Features of the Evolutionary Process
What Drives the Evolution of Culture?
Other Perspectives on Cultural Evolution
Elements of Evolutionary Formulations
Current Issues and Attitudes in
References Cited v
adaptive Alexander Goldenweiser American anthropology anti-evolutionism archaeologists argued autonomous villages Aztecs Boasian Carneiro causal century chiefdoms civilization classical evolutionists comparative method concept course cross-cultural cultural development cultural evolution cultural evolutionism culture change Darwin Darwinian determinants diffusion Dunnell E. B. Tylor Elman Service ethnographic ethnologists ethnology evolution of culture evolutionary sequence evolutionary theory evolved example existence explain fact factors followed Franz Boas Frazer function Herbert Spencer human societies ideas Inca increased complexity individual institutions Julian Steward Keller Kent Flannery Kroeber later laws of culture Leslie White Lowie lution mankind Marxist ment multilinear evolution Murdock natural selection organization origin political population pressure prehistoric primitive principle progress psychic unity races Radcliffe-Brown Robert Robert Lowie role Sahlins sample Service's social evolution Sociology specific stages Steward structure Sumner term tion traits tribes tural Tylor types unilinear Waitz warfare Willey writings wrote