The Genealogical Science: The Search for Jewish Origins and the Politics of Epistemology (Google eBook)
The Genealogical Science analyzes the scientific work and social implications of the flourishing field of genetic history. A biological discipline that relies on genetic data in order to reconstruct the geographic origins of contemporary populations—their histories of migration and genealogical connections to other present-day groups—this historical science is garnering ever more credibility and social reach, in large part due to a growing industry in ancestry testing. In this book, Nadia Abu El-Haj examines genetic history’s working assumptions about culture and nature, identity and biology, and the individual and the collective. Through the example of the study of Jewish origins, she explores novel cultural and political practices that are emerging as genetic history’s claims and “facts” circulate in the public domain and illustrates how this historical science is intrinsically entangled with cultural imaginations and political commitments. Chronicling late-nineteenth- to mid-twentieth-century understandings of race, nature, and culture, she identifies continuities and shifts in scientific claims, institutional contexts, and political worlds in order to show how the meanings of biological difference have changed over time. In so doing she gives an account of how and why it is that genetic history is so socially felicitous today and elucidates the range of understandings of the self, individual and collective, this scientific field is making possible. More specifically, through her focus on the history of projects of Jewish self-fashioning that have taken place on the terrain of the biological sciences, The Genealogical Science analyzes genetic history as the latest iteration of a cultural and political practice now over a century old.
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No preview available - 2006
One The Descent of Men
Two What Are the Jews?
Three Know Thyself
Four The Politics of Identity Inc
Five The Right of Return
History through the Molecular Optic
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activists African American ancestors ancient Palestine anthropological genetics argued Ashkenazi Jews Avichail biological blood group blood group data Bnei Menashe chapter chromosome Cohanim Cohen modal haplotype commitment contemporary cultural database deﬁned deﬁnition descent diaspora distinct Eastern emerged epistemic epistemological ethnic European evidentiary evolution evolutionary fact Family Tree DNA ﬁeld ﬁgure ﬁnd ﬁnding ﬁrst Fishberg gene genealogical genealogists genetic ancestry testing genetic diversity genetic evidence genetic genealogy genetic history geneticists genome Goldstein Gurevitch haplogroup Hebrew human genetic ibid identiﬁed immigrants individuals Israel Israeli Jewish ancestry Jewish communities Jewish genetic Jewish origins Jewish populations Jewish race Jewry Judaism junk junk DNA Kulanu Lemba lineage logic lost tribes markers molecular mtDNA mutations narratives netic non-Jewish Parﬁtt percent political polymorphisms population genetics post-genomic practices presumably question race science racial Salaman scholars scientiﬁc scientists Sephardic signiﬁcant Skorecki social speciﬁc tion tradition twentieth century understand University Press Y-chromosome Zionist