Marine biology: an ecological approach
Emphasizes the ecological principles that govern marine life throughout all environments within the world's oceans. Its unique ecological approach adds real-world relevance by exploring how organisms interact within their individual ecosystems. The book is organized by habitat and each habitat receives detailed, in-depth coverage, giving readers the flexibility to focus on their particular areas of interest. The Fifth Edition is fully updated with the latest research data and topics, including expanded coverage of the human impact on oceans, oceanic dead zones, and coral reefs. For marine biologists and marine ecologists.
26 pages matching urchins in this book
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PLANKTON AND PLANKTON
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abundant adaptations algae algal amount amphipods anemone animals areas associations Atlantic bacteria barnacles benthic biological body bottom burrow carbon carnivores cells changes Chapter clams Cnidaria communities competition copepods coral reefs crabs crustaceans deep sea density deposit feeders depth diatoms dinoflagellates diversity dominant ecology ecosystem effect environment estuary example fauna feeding Figure fishery fishes flats grazing groups growth herbivores increase infaunal interactions interstitial intertidal invertebrates kelp large numbers larvae layers levels light living major mammals mangrove marine meiofauna mesopelagic migrate mollusks nekton nutrients occur ocean organisms oxygen Pacific coast particles patterns pelagic percent Photo photophores photosynthesis physical factors phytoplankton plankton plants polychaete population predators prey primary productivity reduced reproduction result rocky salinity seagrass seagrass beds seawater sediment shallow shores species squids structure substrate subtidal surface suspension feeders symbiotic temperate temperature terrestrial tidal tropical urchins various vertical water column wave action whales zonation zone zooplankton zooxanthellae