The Origins of Australia's Capital Cities

Front Cover
Pamela Statham
Cambridge University Press, Nov 19, 1990 - History - 388 pages
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The Origins of Australia’s Capital Cities is a comprehensive survey, well illustrated with maps and plans, which aims to answer two questions. First, why Australia’s eight capital cities are situated where they are, and second, how they were established. Pairs of chapters on each of the State capitals - Sydney, Hobart, Perth, Adelaide, Melbourne and Brisbane - are accompanied by studies of Canberra as the federal capital and Darwin as a territorial capital. A capital is the administrative centre of a political entity, and in Australia, unlike many overseas countries, a uniquely high proportion of the population resides in the capitals. Companion chapters examine the causes of initial European settlement in each area, and reasons for the actual establishment of each capital city. Attention is given to such topics as planning and layout, the basis of growth, potential rivals, the social nature of the cities and the nature of their spread. While there have been no other volume covering all the capitals to seek answers to the same basic questions. This will therefore be an invaluable source book, and provide a stimulus to further enquiry in the social history of Australia. An introduction by the editor pulls together the general strands which link the chapters, and highlights the ways in which the Australian experience contrasts with the urban experience overseas.
  

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Contents

Patterns and Perspectives
1
A ring fence around Australia
7
All are on rivers or near the sea
15
A fan pattern of railways
29
Intelleaver Sydney
35
The Founding of New South Wales
37
Alternative dumping grounds
41
Not Botany Bay
49
Interleaver Melbourne
197
The Founding of Melbourne
199
Portion of chart of the south coast of Australia
201
Port Phillip Bay drawn from Grimes chart 1803
203
Batmans map of Port Phillip Bay area 1853
209
A Kangaroo Advance
216
First plan of Melbourne 1837
221
Melbourne in 1843
224

A Southern Emporium
52
First settlement at Sydney Cove
54
Plan of Parramatta
56
A French map of Sydney 1802
61
Meehans 1809 map
62
Macquaries Sydney
65
Sydney and the villages
67
Sydney after Macquarie
68
Intelleaver Hobart
77
Settling Van Diemens Land Lloyd Robson
79
Bass Strait and Van Diemens Land
81
Risdon and Sullivan Coves
86
Hobart in 1804
88
A Moment of Glory Gordon Rimmer
97
First street plan of Hobart 1811
98
Plan for Hobart and the new wharf 1828
105
Hobart Town circa 1850
110
Perth
119
Western Australia Becomes British
121
Dampiers voyages
123
The settlement at King George Sound
124
Stirling and Frazers examination of the Swan River area March 1827
127
First map of the new settlement at Swan River
136
A Foundling City
141
Perth midway between
143
Perth in 1832
144
Adelaide
145
Interleaver Adelaide 15 7
159
Lilliput land in South Australia?
160
Adelaide coastline 1839
166
Adelaide and Port Adelaide
168
Lights 1837 survey of the Adelaide region
169
A Victorian Bastide
179
A French Bastide
180
Lights plan for the city of Adelaide
182
Adelaide and villages
184
Bartons 1853 map of Adelaide
186
Melbourne
193
Melbournes little streets
225
Brisbane
233
Choosing Brisbane
235
Oxleys three choices
237
The spread of settlement to 1840
238
Oxleys chart of the Brisbane river 1823
239
The site of Brisbane
241
Langs subdivision proposals
248
Making It Work
252
Brisbane Town 1839
255
Brisbane in 1842
256
Environs of Brisbane
258
Plan of the Xion Hill Settlement
259
Brisbane Street plan c 1840s
260
Intelleaver Darwin
269
Outposts
271
The swing to the east
272
Melville Island area
275
Port Essington in context
285
Plan of Port Essington
287
Four Expeditions
292
The Victoria River region
294
Adam Bay and Escape Cliffs
297
The Liverpool River area
306
Palmerston as planned by Goyder 1870
308
Palmerston and surrounds 1891
310
Interleaver Canberra
315
The Bush Capital Roger Pegrum
317
The three main site groups
321
The parliamentarians tour of 1902
323
In 1904 they settled on Dalgety
327
Final boundaries of the Australian Capital Territory
332
The Griffin plan
334
Mrs Griffins sketch
335
The opening of parliament 1927
337
TABLES
339
INDEX
341
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