The "new" Terrorism: Myths and Reality
As shocking as the attacks of 9/11 were, we have been too quick to view the post-9/11 struggle against terrorism as entirely new and unprecedented. Without denying certain novel aspects of Al Qaeda and its affiliates, the "newness" of its purpose and methods has been overemphasized. Many aspects of contemporary terrorism bear a striking resemblance to past movements. Others represent the culmination of trends evolving over decades. Even seemingly novel characteristics of terrorist methods may be more the outcome of earlier developments than a truly new phenomenon. The increased lethality of terrorist attacks is a case in point. Usually attributed to lack of restraint brought on by religious extremism, the emphasis on body count may owe as much to a kind of threshold phenomenon. Numbed by decades of violence, people do not shock as easily as they once did. It now takes thousands of deaths to produce the same effect once caused by a relative handful. This book examines the nature of the contemporary threat within a historical context to discern continuities and change in terrorist behavior. It challenges the idea of a global war on terrorism and suggests that the United States, or any threatened country, would be better served by a policy aimed at reducing the risk of terrorist attack to an acceptable level at a reasonable cost. The book concludes by proposing a workable strategy for achieving this reasonable level of security.
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The History of Terrorism: From Antiquity to Al Qaeda
Gérard Chaliand,Arnaud Blin
Limited preview - 2007
Abu Musab al-Zarqawi afﬁliates Afghanistan al-Qaeda American anthrax antiterrorism Arab Army assassination Asymmetric Warfare bombing British campaign cause cell Center chemical civilians Combating Terrorism conﬂict consequence management conventional counterinsurgency counterterrorism criminal deﬁne deﬁnition Department of Homeland detonate difﬁcult effective explosives extremists ﬁght ﬁghting ﬁgures ﬁnd ﬁre ﬁrst ﬁve global goals guerrilla warfare GWOT Hamas Homeland Security Ibid ideology inﬂict inﬂuence insurgents intelligence Internet Iraq Iraqi Islam Islamist Israel Israeli Jihad killed law enforcement London McWorld measures Mockaitis movement Muslim world National Counterterrorism Center National Strategy nuclear Ofﬁce ofﬁcials operations Osama bin Laden Palestinian perpetrated Peter Arnett PIRA political proﬁle Qaeda regime religious response to terrorism revolutionary risk Salaﬁsm Saudi Arabia secular security forces signiﬁcant Soviet speciﬁc struggle suicide bombers Taliban targets terrorist attacks terrorist groups terrorist incidents terrorist organizations terrorist threat tion U.S. military United violence War on Terrorism warfare