Principles of Condensed Matter Physics

Front Cover
Cambridge University Press, Sep 28, 2000 - Science - 699 pages
9 Reviews
Now in paperback, this book provides an overview of the physics of condensed matter systems. Assuming a familiarity with the basics of quantum mechanics and statistical mechanics, the book establishes a general framework for describing condensed phases of matter based on symmetries and conservation laws. After surveying the structure and properties of materials with different symmetries, it explores the role of spatial dimensionality and microscopic interactions in determining the nature of phase transitions. Particular attention is given to critical phenomena and renormalization group methods. The properties of liquids, liquid crystals, quasicrystals, crystalline solids, magnetically ordered systems and amorphous solids are investigated in terms of their symmetry, generalized rigidity, hydrodynamics and topological defect structure. In addition to serving as a course text, this book is an essential reference for students and researchers in physics, applied physics, chemistry, materials science and engineering, who are interested in modern condensed matter physics.
  

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Review: Principles of Condensed Matter Physics

User Review  - Prachanda Bhandari - Goodreads

Well explained.. Simply loving it to the fullest... Read full review

Review: Principles of Condensed Matter Physics

User Review  - Rachele - Goodreads

This book is great- I regularly use it for reference. I took a reading course about 5 years ago using the last couple of chapters of this book (topolical defects and stuff) and I remember that there were lots of typos. But whatev. I mean, it's a long book to write. Read full review

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Contents

1 Overview
1
12 An example H₂O
3
2 The liquidgas phase transition
4
3 Spatial correlations in the liquid state
5
4 Ice crystallized water
8
5 Broken symmetry and rigidity
10
6 Dislocations topological defects
12
7 Universality of the water example
13
2 Elasticity of classical harmonic lattices
332
the stress tensor
334
2 Stressstrain relations
337
3 The Eulerian stress tensor
338
67 The nonlinear sigma model
341
Bibliography
347
correlation and response
353
71 Dynamic correlation and response functions
354

8 Fluctuations and spatial dimension
15
9 Overview of book
16
13 Energies and potentials
17
2 Van der Waals attraction
18
3 Molecular hydrogen the HeitlerLondon approach
20
4 Hardsphere repulsion
22
5 Exchange interaction and magnetism
24
6 The hydrogen molecule molecular orbitals and bands in metals
25
Bibliography
28
2 Structure and scattering
29
22 Photons neutrons or electrons
33
23 The density operator and its correlation functions
34
24 Liquids and gases
38
1 Hardsphere liquids
40
25 Crystalline solids
43
2 The reciprocal lattice
45
3 Periodic functions
46
4 Bragg scattering
47
26 Symmetry and crystal structure
49
1 Twodimensional Bravais lattices
50
2 Threedimensional Bravais lattices
53
3 Close packed structures
56
4 Space groups
57
27 Liquid crystals
58
2 SmecticsA and C
61
3 Hexatic phases
65
4 Discotic phases
68
28 One and twodimensional order in threedimensional materials
71
29 Incommensurate structures
77
210 Quasicrystals
82
211 Magnetic order
85
212 Random isotropic fractals
90
Appendix 2A Fourier transforms
97
2 d dimensions
99
3 Transforms on a lattice
100
Bibliography
101
References
102
Problems
103
3 Thermodynamics and statistical mechanics
108
1 The first law of thermodynamics
109
2 The second law of thermodynamics
111
4 Thermodynamic potentials
112
5 Stability criteria
113
6 Homogeneous functions
115
7 Equations of state
116
phase space and ensembles
117
33 The ideal gas
122
34 Spatial correlations in classical systems
123
35 Ordered systems
127
36 Symmetry order parameters and models
132
1 Discrete symmetries
135
2 Continuous symmetries
137
3 Models
139
Appendix 3A Functional derivatives
140
Bibliography
142
4 Meanfield theory
144
41 BraggWilliams theory
146
42 Landau theory
151
43 The Ising and nvector models
152
1 The nonlocal susceptibility and the correlation length
154
2 On symmetry
156
3 Some meanfield transitions
157
44 The liquidgas transition
159
1 The critical point and the critical isochore
162
2 The coexistence curve
165
45 The firstorder nematictoisotropic transition
168
46 Multicritical points
172
1 Tricritical points
173
2 Metamagnets and FeCl₂
175
3 He³ He⁴ mixtures and the BlumeEmeryGriffiths model
179
4 Bicritical and tetracritical points
181
5 Lifshitz points
184
47 The liquidsolid transition
188
1 Are all crystals BCC?
189
2 Criterion for freezing
192
4 Changes in density
194
5 Density functional theory
195
48 Variational meanfield theory
198
2 The meanfield approximation
200
3 The sstate Potts model
201
4 The On classical Heisenberg model
202
5 DebyeHuckel theory
204
Bibliography
208
References
209
5 Field theories critical phenomena and the renormalization group
213
51 Breakdown of meanfield theory
214
1 Meanfield transitions revisited
216
52 Construction of a field theory
217
2 Lattice field theories and their continuum limit
219
3 Gaussian integrals
221
4 Meanfield theory from functional integrals
223
5 Breakdown of meanfield theory revisited
225
53 The selfconsistent field approximation
226
1 The nvector model in the limit n oo
229
54 Critical exponents universality and scaling
230
2 Scaled equation of state
234
3 Multicritical points
235
4 Amplitude ratios
236
5 Theoretical calculations of critical exponents and amplitude ratios
237
56 The onedimensional Ising model
242
2 Decimation and renormalization
245
57 The MigdalKadanoff procedure
248
2 General properties of recursion relations
252
3 The Potts lattice gas and krypton on graphite
253
58 Momentum shell renormalization group
256
2 Correlation functions
260
3 The Gaussian model
261
4 The eexpansion
263
5 nvector model with cubic anisotropy
267
6 Quadratic anisotropy
269
7 Crossover
270
8 Dangerous irrelevant variables
273
9 The utility of the eexpansion
275
Appendix 5A The HubbardStratonovich transformation
276
Appendix 5B Diagrammatic perturbation theory
277
Bibliography
283
6 Generalized elasticity
288
61 The xymodel
289
2 Boundary conditions and external fields
290
3 The Josephson scaling relation
292
4 Fluctuations
293
5 Longrange order quasilongrange order and disorder
295
6 Resistance of a conducting medium
297
62 On symmetry and nematic liquid crystals
298
3 Cells with nonuniform n
300
4 The Freedericksz transition
302
5 The twisted nematic display
304
6 Fluctuations and light scattering
306
Smectic liquid crystals
308
1 The elastic free energy
309
2 Fluctuations
312
3 Nonlinearities
314
4 The nematictosmecticA transition
315
strain and elastic energy
316
2 The elastic free energy
318
3 Isotropic and cubic solids
319
4 Fluctuations
321
5 Mercury chain salts onedimensional crystals
322
6 Xenon on graphite a twodimensional crystal
324
7 Vacancies and interstitials
325
8 Bondangle order and rotational and translational elasticity
328
9 Elastic constants from density functional theory
329
65 Lagrangian elasticity
330
2 Response functions
355
72 The harmonic oscillator
359
2 The damped oscillator
360
3 The response function
362
4 Dissipation
365
73 Elastic waves and phonons
366
2 Acoustic phonons in a harmonic lattice
367
74 Diffusion
369
2 The Green function and dynamic response
370
3 The response function
371
4 External potentials and the Einstein relation
373
5 Brownian motion
375
6 Cooperative diffusion versus selfdiffusion
376
7 Master equation for diffusion on a lattice
378
75 Langevin theory
381
2 Correlation functions for diffusion
383
3 Shorttime behavior
385
4 Fluctuationdissipation theorem for the harmonic oscillator
387
5 The FokkerPlanck and Smoluchowski equations
388
76 Formal properties of response functions
390
2 Symmetry properties of response functions
392
3 Dissipation
394
4 Spectral representations of
395
5 The fluctuationdissipation theorem
397
6 Sum rules and moment expansions
398
77 Inelastic scattering
399
2 Fermi golden rule and neutron scattering
400
3 The Fermi pseudopotential
402
4 Coherent and incoherent scattering
404
5 Crosssections and correlation functions
405
6 Neutron scattering from crystals
406
7 Magnetic scattering
407
8 How neutron scattering experiments are actually done
408
9 Scattering of charged particles and photons
410
Bibliography
411
Hydrodynamics
417
82 A tutorial example rigid rotors on a lattice
419
1 Description of the model
420
2 The disordered phase
421
3 The ordered phase
426
4 Excitations from the classical ground state
430
5 The Goldstone theorem
432
7 Summary
433
83 Spin systems
434
2 Generalized Heisenberg models
435
3 The planar magnet
436
4 The isotropic antiferromagnet
438
5 Isotropic ferromagnets
439
84 Hydrodynamics of simple fluids
440
1 Conservation laws
441
2 Thermodynamics with mass motion
443
3 The entropy production equation
444
4 Dissipationless hydrodynamics
445
5 Dissipation
446
6 The NavierStokes equations
448
7 Hydrodynamic modes
449
8 Light scattering
452
9 Twocomponent fluids
453
85 Liquid crystals crystalline solids and superfluid helium
454
2 SmecticA liquid crystals
456
3 Crystalline solids
459
4 Superfluid helium
460
86 Stochastic models and dynamic critical phenomena
464
2 Dissipative dynamics
466
3 Dynamic scaling
469
4 Poisson bracket terms
472
5 Models with Poisson brackets
475
6 Modemode coupling
477
87 Nucleation and spinodal decomposition
479
1 Nucleation with a nonconserved order parameter
480
2 Symmetric unstable quench with model A dynamics
483
3 Conserved order parameters and spinodal decomposition
484
Bibliography
491
Problems
492
9 Topological defects
495
1 Vortex pairs
499
3 Order parameter spaces and homotopy
501
92 Examples of topological defects
506
2 Dislocations in smectic liquid crystals
507
3 Periodic solids
512
4 Volterra construction
515
6 Disclinations in crystals
517
7 Strength of crystals
518
8 Crystal growth
522
10 Nematic and hexatic liquid crystals
524
93 Energies of vortices and dislocations
526
2 Analogy with magnetism
530
3 Energies of dislocations in crystals
531
4 Dislocations in smectic liquid crystals
536
94 Vortex unbinding and the KosterlitzThouless transition
542
2 Vortex unbinding in two dimensions the Kosterlitz Thouless transition
544
3 Superfluid helium films
551
95 Dislocation mediated melting
555
1 Effects of a substrate
558
2 Experiments and numerical simulation
559
96 The twistgrainboundary phase
561
2 The thermodynamic critical field
564
3 The lower critical field
565
4 The upper critical field
566
5 Xray scattering
568
6 Analogy with superconductivity
571
Appendix 9A Notes on the KosterlitzThouless transition
573
2 Longitudinal and transverse response
575
3 The spin correlation function
577
Appendix 9B Duality and the Villain model
578
1 Potts models
579
2 The xy Villain and lattice Coulombgas models
582
Bibliography
584
Problems
585
Walls kinks and solitons
590
101 Some simple examples
591
102 Domain walls in meanfield theory
595
1 The ϕ⁴ kink
597
2 The sineGordon soliton
599
103 The FrenkelKontorowa model
601
2 Discommensurations
602
3 Devils staircases and the FK phase diagram
603
4 The continuum approximation
605
5 Nature of solutions
608
6 The minimum energy solution
610
7 Repulsive interaction between discommensurations
613
9 Compressional elastic constants
614
10 Phasons
615
11 Pinned phasons
617
12 Extension to two dimensions
618
104 Fluctuating walls
620
2 Curvature
623
3 Energy of a surface
625
4 Fluctuations in the harmonic approximation
626
5 Nonlinearities and renormalization in fluid membranes
629
6 Polymerized membranes
630
105 Arrays of fluctuating walls
635
2 Honeycomb lattice of walls
638
4 Dislocations and the CI transition
640
106 Roughening and faceting
643
2 The roughening transition
646
3 Faceting
648
Bibliography
655
References
656
Glossary
662
Index
685
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Principles of Condensed Matter Physics
Principles of Condensed Matter Physics. cc Matthai 2000 Eur. J. Phys. 22 191 doi: 10.1088/0143-0807/22/2/702 · Help. pm Chaikin and tc Lubensky ...
www.iop.org/ EJ/ abstract/ 0143-0807/ 22/ 2/ 702

Principles of Condensed Matter Physics - Cambridge University Press
Principles of Condensed Matter Physics. pm Chaikin. Princeton University, New Jersey. tc Lubensky. University of Pennsylvania ...
www.cambridge.org/ 0521794501

Phases of Matter: Principles of Condensed Matter Physics. -- Grier ...
Phases of Matter: Principles of Condensed Matter Physics. David G. Grier. References. CHAIKIN, pm, PRINCIPLES CONDENSED (1995). ...
www.sciencemag.org/ cgi/ content/ refs/ 273/ 5280/ 1348

Chaikin Lubensky - Principles of Condensed Matter Physics.1995.djv ...
Please wait, ожидайте 28 секунд [ Скачать 0pre-Library/2004-07-23/Chaikin Lubensky - Principles of Condensed Matter Physics.1995.djv ]
lib.org.by/ info/ 0pre-Library/ 2004-07-23/ Chaikin%20Lubensky%20-%20Principles%20of%20Condensed%20Matter%20Physics.1995.djv

Introduction to Various Areas of Condensed Matter Physics
pm Chaikin and tc Lubensky, "Principles of condensed matter physics" (Cambridge U. Press, 1995). This book is about everything in soft condensed matter. ...
web.mit.edu/ ~redingtn/ www/ netadv/ biblio2.html

Condensed Matter Physics « Blog Physica
Principles of condensed matter physics by Chaikin and Lubensky [Amazon] [Cambridge Univ. Press] [Google]. 2. Basic Notions of Condensed Matter Physics ...
blogphysica.wordpress.com/ books-and-reviewsunder-construction/ condensed-matter/

Frontiers in Soft Condensed Matter Workshop
In 1995, the textbook Principles of Condensed Matter Physics—coauthored by Paul Chaikin and Tom Lubensky—was published by Cambridge University Press in ...
www.mrsec.harvard.edu/ fscm/ chaikin.htm

UW Condensed Matter Physics 567
Principles of Condensed Matter Physics [2000] by pm Chaikin and tc Lubensky. Another advanced and up-to-date text with an unusual emphasis on soft condensed ...
courses.washington.edu/ phys567/

Times Higher Education - Shame about the title
In this substantial book of 699 pages entitled Principles of Condensed Matter Physics, the index does not even feature free-electron theory, ...
www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/ story.asp?storyCode=162031& sectioncode=1

Condensed Matter text books Text - Physics Forums Library
For condensed matter physics beyond the solid state, I believe Principles of Condensed Matter Physics by Chaikin & Lubensky is the standard text. ...
www.physicsforums.com/ archive/ index.php/ t-207067.html

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