Marine biology: an ecological approach
Emphasizes the ecological principles that govern marine life throughout all environments within the world's oceans. Its unique ecological approach adds real-world relevance by exploring how organisms interact within their individual ecosystems. The book is organized by habitat and each habitat receives detailed, in-depth coverage, giving readers the flexibility to focus on their particular areas of interest. The Fifth Edition is fully updated with the latest research data and topics, including expanded coverage of the human impact on oceans, oceanic dead zones, and coral reefs. For marine biologists and marine ecologists.
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SOME ECOLOGICAL PRINCIPLES
COMPARISON OF TERRESTRIAL
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abundant adaptations adults algae algal amphipods animals Antarctic areas Atlantic autotrophs bacteria barnacles benthic benthos Biol biological biomass bottom burrowing carbon changes competition copepods coral courtesy of Dr crabs crustaceans cycle deep sea density deposit feeders depth diatoms dinoflagellates diversity dominant Ecol ecology ecosystems effect energy environment estuaries fauna feeding Figure fishes gastropod grazing habitat herbivores hydrothermal vents increase infaunal interactions invertebrates large numbers larvae layers light marine organisms meiofauna mesopelagic migration mussels nekton nutrients occur ocean oxygen particles patches patterns pelagic Photo courtesy photosynthesis physical factors phytoplankton plankton plants polychaete populations predators prey primary productivity reduced reefs Reprinted by permission result rocky intertidal rocky shores salinity salt marsh sand beaches sand flats seagrass seagrass beds seasonal seawater sediment species substrate subtidal surface temperate temperature terrestrial thermocline tidal tide pools tion tropical urchins various vent vertical water column water masses wave action whales zonation zone zooplankton