The Mozart Family: Four Lives in a Social Context

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Oxford University Press, 1998 - Music - 732 pages
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The family into which Mozart was born has never received a rigorous contextual study which does justice to the complexity of its relationships or to its interactions with colleagues, friends, and neighbours in Mozarts native city, Salzburg. Most biographies of Mozart have undervalued the manypassages in the rich family correspondence which do not bear directly on him. This book draws on the neglected material, most of which has never been translated into English. At the heart of the work is a detailed examination of the letters, supplemented by little-known archival material from thepapers of the Berchtold family, into which Mozarts sister Nannerl married. Additional information concerning Salzburg's local history, especially the working conditions at court and the provision for dependants of court employees, enables the hopes, expectations, and fears of the Mozarts to belocated in the context of the social conditions there. As well as providing a sympathetic account of the other members of the family, all of whom were profoundly affected by the experience of sharing their lives with Mozart, this approach gives new significance to the events of Mozart's life; notonly are they set against the background of his familys expectations of him, but the ways in which the source material has to be used for this purpose necessarily involves fundamental improvements in its interpretation. Ruth Halliwell challenges most previous views of the characters in Mozart's family (especially of his father, Leopold), and of the relationships within it. She also introduces a wealth of characters from the Mozarts's circle in Salzburg, from chambermaids to princes, and demonstrates the relevanceof the gossip stories the Mozarts told about them to the larger outlook of the members of the family. In an important final section, Halliwell traces the roles of Nannerl and Mozart's wife Constanze in using, controlling, and handing on the biographical source material after Mozarts death. She discusses their dealings with publishers such as Breitkopf and Hartel, and with the authors of theearliest biographies of Mozart. This complex topic here receives an account which not only illuminates the characters of both women and the relations between them, but also addresses the question of how myths were able to creep into the Mozartian biography at so early a stage and take tenacioushold.
  

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Contents

The Marriage
3
Building a Career
20
The Visit to Vienna in 1762
35
Petty Setbacks on
46
Triumphs in Paris
61
Triumphs in London?
77
NearDisaster on
96
The Visit
119
Nanneris Marriage
424
LEOPOLD AND NANNERL 17841787
430
St Gilgen and the Abersee
442
Nanneris First Months in St Gilgen
457
Leopolds Visit to Vienna in 1785
471
Leopoldl
486
The Return of Heinrich Marchand
507
Leopolds Declining Months
524

Wolfgangs First
141
The Intensification of the Quest Wolfgangs Third Visit
177
Wolfgangs Viennese Sojourn in 1773
191
La finta giardiniera in Munich
202
Escalating Grievances in Salzburg
215
THE FRACTURED FAMILY 17771780
232
Hopes of a Mozarrian Exodus
239
In Mannheim
260
Maria Annas Death
291
Returning to Serfdom
318
WOLFGANGS INDEPENDENCE 17801784
340
Idomtneo in Munich
351
Wolfgangs Marriage
371
The Bridal Visit to Salzburg in 1783
389
The Setdement of Leopolds Estate
545
THE BIOGRAPHICAL LEGACY 17871858
565
The Mozarts and the Berchtolds
567
Schlichtegrolls Nekrolog
581
The Breitkopf Hartel Affair
590
Nissens Biography
613
Handing on the Source Material
629
The Date of the MozartBohm Schlackademie in Lent 1780
643
List of Surviving and Missing Letters between Wolfgang
649
glossary
661
bibliography
667
INDEX
677
Copyright

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About the author (1998)


Ruth Halliwellis a freelance writer and Associate Editor of the forthcomingOxford Companion to Mozart.

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