Dynamics of Meaning: Anaphora, Presupposition, and the Theory of Grammar (Google eBook)

Front Cover
University of Chicago Press, Feb 20, 2009 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 286 pages
0 Reviews
In The Dynamics of Meaning, Gennaro Chierchia tackles central issues in dynamic semantics and extends the general framework.

Chapter 1 introduces the notion of dynamic semantics and discusses in detail the phenomena that have been used to motivate it, such as "donkey" sentences and adverbs of quantification. The second chapter explores in greater depth the interpretation of indefinites and issues related to presuppositions of uniqueness and the "E-type strategy." In Chapter 3, Chierchia extends the dynamic approach to the domain of syntactic theory, considering a range of empirical problems that includes backwards anaphora, reconstruction effects, and weak crossover. The final chapter develops the formal system of dynamic semantics to deal with central issues of definites and presupposition. Chierchia shows that an approach based on a principled enrichment of the mechanisms dealing with meaning is to be preferred on empirical grounds over approaches that depend on an enrichment of the syntactic apparatus.

Dynamics of Meaning illustrates how seemingly abstract stances on the nature of meaning can have significant and far-reaching linguistic consequences, leading to the detection of new facts and influencing our understanding of the syntax/semantics/pragmatics interface.
  

What people are saying - Write a review

We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.

Contents

The Two Souls of Discourse Representation Theory
3
12 The Empirical Characteristics of Donkey Anaphora
4
122 IfWhenClauses
6
123 Relative Clauses
8
124 Accessibility
9
125 Summary
12
13 Classical Discourse Representation Theory
13
14 Uniqueness
17
32 THe Proposal
135
322 The Logical Form of Tripartite Structures
136
323 The Syntax and Semantics of RightAdjoined IfWhenClauses
139
324 Fronted Adjuncts and Principle C
145
33 Reconstruction
150
331 The Role of Dynamic Binding in a Theory of Reconstruction
153
332 On the Syntax of IfWhenClauses
155
3322 CPAdjoined IfCauses
156

15 Syntatic Background
22
152 The Official Framework
26
16 The First Soul of Discourse Representation Theory
28
161 The Construal Component
29
162 The Interpretive Component
33
163 Semantics via Translation
41
17 The Second Sould of Discourse Representation Theory
44
171 File Change Semantics
45
172 Quantificational Structures in File Change Semantics
51
173 Definites in File Change Semantics
54
18 SUMMARY
59
Appendix
60
Dynamic Binding
64
212 Proportions and Unselectivity
68
213 Discourse Representation Theory and Generalized Quantifiers
71
214 The Plan
74
221 A New Set of Construal Rules
75
222 Discussion
78
23 A New Dynamic Approach
80
232 The Idea in Informal Terms
83
233 The Logic of Context Change
86
234 Compositional Logical Forms for English
96
235 Dynamic Conservativity
99
24 Adverbs of Quantification and Existential Disclosure
101
242 Topic Selection
105
243 Further Developments and Open Issues
109
A Preliminary Account
112
251 Are Determiners Ambiguous?
113
252 The EType Strategy Reconsidered
115
253 Limits of the EType Strategy
119
26 Summary and Conclusions
122
Appendix
124
Solutions to Selected Exercises
129
Extensions Reconstruction Topicalization and Crossover
131
312 RightAdjoined IfWhenClauses
134
3323 IfThenClauses
157
333 Topicalization and Recursive CPs
158
334 Chain Binding and Antireconstruction
165
335 Summary
171
34 Some Related Constructions
172
341 An ArgumentAdjunct Asymmetry
180
342 Disambiguating Effects of Preposed Adjuncts
181
343 Asymmetries with Preposed Adjuncts Involving NonCCommand Anaphora
182
344 Donkey Crossover
183
35 Concluding Remarks
185
Appendix
187
Presuppositions and Definites
192
411 The Projection Problem in a Dynamic Setting
193
412 Presuppositions and Anaphora
196
42 A Framework for Presuppositions and Anaphora
200
421 Intensionality
201
422 Updates
203
423 Context Change Potentials Revisited
206
43 Some Empirical APplications
211
431 A Dynamic Semantics for Prepositional Attitude Verbs
212
432 The Presuppositions of Determiners
214
44 Definites
218
441 Two Possible Implementations
220
442 The Functional Theory of Definites
222
443 Consequences
225
4432 AIndices and Weak Crossover
227
4433 Accessibility
229
4434 Other Bound Occurrences of AIndices
230
45 Loose Ends and Conclusions
232
452 Existence and External Negation
237
453 Summary
240
Notes
247
References
257
Index
265
Copyright

Common terms and phrases

Bibliographic information