Dynamics of Meaning: Anaphora, Presupposition, and the Theory of Grammar
University of Chicago Press, Feb 20, 2009 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 286 pages
In The Dynamics of Meaning, Gennaro Chierchia tackles central issues in dynamic semantics and extends the general framework.
Chapter 1 introduces the notion of dynamic semantics and discusses in detail the phenomena that have been used to motivate it, such as "donkey" sentences and adverbs of quantification. The second chapter explores in greater depth the interpretation of indefinites and issues related to presuppositions of uniqueness and the "E-type strategy." In Chapter 3, Chierchia extends the dynamic approach to the domain of syntactic theory, considering a range of empirical problems that includes backwards anaphora, reconstruction effects, and weak crossover. The final chapter develops the formal system of dynamic semantics to deal with central issues of definites and presupposition. Chierchia shows that an approach based on a principled enrichment of the mechanisms dealing with meaning is to be preferred on empirical grounds over approaches that depend on an enrichment of the syntactic apparatus.
Dynamics of Meaning illustrates how seemingly abstract stances on the nature of meaning can have significant and far-reaching linguistic consequences, leading to the detection of new facts and influencing our understanding of the syntax/semantics/pragmatics interface.
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3y donkey(y accessible accommodation adjunct adverb of quantification analysis anaphoric link antecedent approach argument assignments assume assumptions beat(x,y binder c-command catj CCPs chapter classical DRT coindexed conjunction Consider construal context change potentials defined definites determiners discourse markers Discourse Representation Theory discussed domain donkey anaphora donkey beats donkey sentences DRTK Dynamic Binding E-type strategy example Existential Closure existentially quantified fact file card formula free variables has(x,y Heim Hence hisj if/when-clauses indefinites interpretation John left-adjoined logical form main clause man(x meaning meows modal negation operator Pavarotti predicts present presuppositions Principle Principles and Parameters properties proposition Q-adverb quantificational force quantified NPs reading reconstruction relation relative clause relevant restriction right-adjoined scope semantics static structure student syntactic tion topic truth conditions ungrammaticality universal quantifier update function usually V-readings vP(b X-conv