The Anguish of Surrender: Japanese POW's of World War II

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University of Washington Press, 2003 - History - 282 pages
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On December 6, 1941, Ensign Kazuo Sakamaki was one of a handful of men selected to skipper midget subs on a suicide mission to breach Pearl Harbor's defenses. When his equipment malfunctioned, he couldn't find the entrance to the harbour. He hit several reefs, eventually splitting the sub, and swam to shore some miles from Pearl Harbor. In the early dawn of December 8, he was picked up on the beach by two Japanese American MPs on patrol. Sakamaki became Prisoner No. 1 of the Pacific War. Japan's no-surrender policy did not permit becoming a POW. Sakamaki and his fellow soldiers and sailors had been indoctrinated to choose between victory and a heroic death. While his comrades had perished, he had survived. By avoiding glorious death and becoming a prisoner of war, Sakamaki believed he had brought shame and dishonour on himself, his family, his community, and his nation, in effect relinquishing his citizenship. Sakamaki fell into despair and, like so many Japanese POWs, begged his captors to kill him. Based on the author's interviews with dozens of former Japanese POWs along with memoirs only recently coming to light, The Anguish of Surrender tells one of the great unknown stories of World War II. Beginning with an examination of Japan's pre-war ultranationalist climate and the harsh code that precluded the possibility of capture, the author investigates the circumstances of surrender and capture of men like Sakamaki and their experiences in POW camps. Many POWs, ill and starving after days wandering in the jungles or hiding out in caves, were astonished at the superior quality of food and medical treatment they received. Contrary to expectations, most Japanese POWs, psychologically unprepared to deal with interrogations, provided information to their captors. Trained Allied linguists, especially Japanese Americans, learned how to extract intelligence by treating the POWs humanely. Allied intelligence personnel took advantage of lax Japanese security precautions to gain extensive information from captured documents. A few POWs, recognizing Japan's certain defeat, even assisted the Allied war effort to shorten the war. Far larger numbers staged uprisings in an effort to commit suicide. Most sought to survive, suffered mental anguish, and feared what awaited them in their homeland. These deeply human stories follow Japanese prisoners through their camp experiences to their return to their welcoming families and reintegration into post-war society. These stories are told here for the first time in English. Ulrich 'Rick' Straus served as a U.S. Army language officer in Japan during the Occupation and participated in the trial of Japan's major war criminals. He was Consul General in Okinawa from 1978 to 1982 and retired from the Foreign Service in 1987.
  

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Contents

Prisoner Number One
8
Japans Policy on Prisoners of War
17
Indoctrination into the Senjinkun
30
Honorable Death or Shameful Life
48
The Interrogations
116
A Few Very Special POWs
150
Uprisings in the Stockades
171
Everyday Life in the Stockades
196
Returning Home Alive
234
Reflections on Japans Wartime NoSurrender Policy
249
Notes
257
Bibliography
265
Index
271
Copyright

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References from web pages

Books in Northport: THE ANGUISH OF SURRENDER, Part I
What's going on in Northport, at Dog Ears Books, in my reading and country life, and in the publishing and bookselling world, with frequent time travel to ...
booksinnorthport.blogspot.com/ 2008/ 01/ anguish-of-surrender-part-i.html

UW Press: The Anguish of Surrender
The Anguish of Surrender Japanese pows of World War II. Ulrich Straus. On December 6, 1941, Ensign Kazuo Sakamaki was one of a handful of men selected to ...
www.washington.edu/ uwpress/ search/ books/ STRANG.html

Keeping Apace: THE ANGUISH OF SURRENDER - ULRICH STRAUSS
One needs the perspective of having lived during WWII, experiencing the mood of our nation, particularly right after Japan bombed Pearl Harbor to understand ...
www.keepingapace.com/ blogarchives/ book_review/ the_anguish_of_surrender_ulrich_strauss.php

Asia Times Online :: Japan News and Japanese Business and Economy
Asia Times Online. The Asia News Hub providing the latest news and analysis regarding economics, events and trends in business, economy and politics ...
www.atimes.com/ atimes/ Japan/ HB25Dh03.html

JPRI Critique Vol. XI, No. 1
Critique Vol. XI, No. 1 March 2004 The Anguish of Surrender, Japanese pows of World War II by Ulrich Straus Reviewed by Hans Baerwald Ulrich Straus. ...
www.jpri.org/ publications/ critiques/ critique_XI_1.html

Straus, Ulrich: The Anguish of Surrender: Japanese pows of World ...
Straus, Ulrich: The Anguish of Surrender: Japanese pows of World War II.(Book Review) from Perspectives on Political Science in Reference provided by Find ...
findarticles.com/ p/ articles/ mi_hb3341/ is_/ ai_n15071415

Roger Dingman - Anguish of Surrender: Japanese pows of World War ...
Copyright 2005 Society for Military History. All rights reserved. The Journal of Military History 69.1 (2005) 270-271 ...
muse.jhu.edu/ journals/ journal_of_military_history/ v069/ 69.1dingman.html

honoluluadvertiser.com
Honolulu Hawaii News - honoluluadvertiser.com is the home page of Honolulu Hawaii with in depth and updated Honolulu local news
the.honoluluadvertiser.com/ article/ 2006/ Apr/ 24/ ln/ FP604240338.html

Australian War Memorial - AJRP
A database of historic materials dealing with Australia and Japan during wartime, several research essays and seminar papers, and various research aids, ...
ajrp.awm.gov.au/ ajrp/ ajrp2.nsf/ 8733c1986e8294154a25686d0000aa4d/ 389e355312bba237ca25724100155df5?OpenDocument

In Their Own Write: Books by Foreign Service Authors - Pages 1-9 (PDF)
he Journal is pleased to present. our annual Foreign Service authors roundup as a cover. story, in plenty of time for holiday orders. Here is an ...
www.afsa.org/ fsj/ nov04/ MaitraPart1.pdf

About the author (2003)

Ulrich "Rick" Straus served as a U.S. Army language officer in Japan during the Occupation and participated in the trial of Japans major war criminals. He was Consul General of Okinawa from 1978 to 1982 and retired from the Foreign Service in 1987.

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