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action adaptation adjustment aggregate ancient animals anthropomorphic argument assertion become biology carnivora cause cerebellum cerebrum changes chapter Christianity civilization colour complex Comte conception consciousness continuous correspondence Cosmic Philosophy Cosmism Darwin definite Deity Doctrine of Evolution efferent nerve environment epoch ethical existence explained extent external fact feelings force forms genesis heterogeneity higher highest human hypothesis illustrated implied increase individual inference inquiry intellectual intelligence less mammals manifested marsupials ment mental mind Mivart modern molecular moral motion natural selection nervous nevertheless nutritive objective observed organism Origin of Species outer relations pain perception phenomena physical present primeval primitive principles Principles of Psychology progress psychical psychology race reflex action regarded relativity of knowledge religion result savage scientific sensation sense Sir Henry Maine society species Spencer structure tendency Theism theology theorem theory things thought tion transit-lines tribes truth universe variations volition
Page 407 - Whatever power such a being may have over me, there is one thing which he shall not do : he shall not compel me to worship him. I will call no being good, who is not what I mean when I apply that epithet to my fellowcreatures ; and if such a being can sentence me to hell for not so calling him, to hell I will go.
Page 407 - If in ascribing goodness to God, I do not mean what I mean by goodness ; if I do not mean the goodness of which I have some knowledge, but an incomprehensible attribute of an incomprehensible substance, which, for aught I know, may be a totally different quality from that which I love and venerate; what do I mean by calling it goodness ? and what reason have I for venerating it?
Page 270 - No one will ever comprehend the arrested civilizations unless he sees the strict dilemma of early society. Either men had no law at all, and lived in confused tribes, hardly hanging together, or they had to obtain a fixed law by processes of incredible difficulty. Those who surmounted that difficulty soon destroyed all those that lay in their way who did not. And then they themselves were caught in their own yoke. The customary discipline, which could only be imposed on any early men by terrible...
Page 415 - Thus, by the persistence of Force, we really mean the persistence of some Power which transcends our knowledge and conception. The manifestations, as occurring either in ourselves or outside of us, do not persist ; but that which persists is the Unknown Cause of these manifestations. In other words, asserting the persistence of Force, is but another mode of asserting an Unconditioned Reality, without beginning or end.
Page 241 - That the progress of mankind depends on the success with which the laws of phenomena are investigated, and on the extent to which a knowledge of those laws is diffused.
Page 344 - The prolonged helplessness of the offspring must keep the parents together for longer and longer periods in successive epochs ; and when at last the association is so long kept up that the older children are growing mature while the younger ones still need protection, the family relations begin to become permanent. The parents have lived so long in company that to seek new companionships involves some disturbance of ingrained habits...
Page 215 - It is full, in all its provinces, of the clearest indications that society in primitive times was not what it is assumed to be at present, a collection of individuals. In fact, and in the view of the men who composed it, it was an aggregation of Jam HieĢ. The contrast may be most forcibly expressed by saying that the unit of an ancient society was the Family, of a modern society the individual.
Page 227 - Progress, therefore, is not an accident, but a necessity. Instead of civilization being artificial it is a part of nature; all of a piece with the development of an embryo or the unfolding of a flower.
Page 331 - ... if the states of consciousness which a creature endeavours to maintain are the correlatives of injurious actions, and if the states of consciousness which it endeavours to expel are the correlatives of beneficial actions, it must quickly disappear through persistence in the injurious and avoidance of the beneficial.