The Cambridge History of China: Volume 6, Alien Regimes and Border States, 710-1368

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Denis C. Twitchett, Herbert Franke, John King Fairbank
Cambridge University Press, 1994 - History - 864 pages
2 Reviews
This volume deals with four non-Chinese regimes: the Khitan dynasty of Liao; the Tangut state of Hsi Hsia; the Jurchen empire of Chin; and the Mongolian Yuan dynasty that eventually engulfed the whole of China. It investigates the historical background from which these regimes emerged and shows how each in its own way set up viable institutions for the control of a multi-racial, multi-lingual, and multi-cultural population. It discusses these problems not just as a long negative episode in China's history, but shows the ingenuity and adaptability of these states, and their success in achieving political and social stability. The volume presents the fullest chronological account of the period, in which political, institutional, social, and economic changes are integrated as far as possible, and sees the period against a broad background of international relations in Northern and Central Asia.
  

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Contents

Introduction i
1
The frontier
7
Vassals and overlords
14
Modes of government
21
Multilinguality
30
The Han Chinese under alien domination
36
The Liao
43
The background of Apaochis rise to power
53
the reign of Mongke 1251 1259
390
The empire on the eve of civil war
411
Khubilai and China 12531259
418
Foreign expansion
429
Social and economic policies
445
Khubilai as emperor of China
454
Khubilai and Chinese culture
465
Preservation of the Mongolian heritage
471

Apaochi becomes the new khaghan and ascends
60
The succession crisis and the reign of Taitsung
68
The succession of Shihtsung
75
The reign of Mutsung 951969
81
The Hsi Hsia
154
The Tangut move toward independence 9821002
168
The succession to Weiming Yiianhao
189
The last years of the Hsia state and the Mongolian conquest
205
The reign of Akuta and the founding of the Chin dynasty
220
The political history of Chin after 1142
235
The annihilation of Chin 1215 1234
259
The rise of the Mongolian empire and Mongolian rule
321
Chinggis khan and the early Mongolian state 12061227
342
the reigns of Ogodei
365
The regime of Sangha and economic and religious abuses
478
Khubilais last years
488
Shunti and the end of Yuan rule in China
561
Toghon Temiirs enthronement and Bayans chancellorship
572
The disintegration of the Yuan
580
The Yiian government and society
587
Society
608
Chinese society under Mongol rule 12151368
616
Socialpsychological factors
622
Bihliographical essays
665
Bihliography
727
GlossaryIndex
777
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