Deformation of Earth Materials: An Introduction to the Rheology of Solid Earth
This graduate textbook presents a comprehensive, unified treatment of the materials science of deformation as applied to solid Earth geophysics and geology. The deformation of Earth materials is presented in a systematic way covering elastic, anelastic and viscous deformation. Advanced discussions on relevant debates are also included to bring readers a full picture of science in this interdisciplinary area. This textbook is ideal for graduate courses on the rheology and dynamics of solid Earth, and includes review questions with solutions so readers can monitor their understanding of the material presented. It is also a much-needed reference for geoscientists in many fields including geology, geophysics, geochemistry, materials science, mineralogy and ceramics.
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Phenomenological theory of deformation
Experimental techniques for study of plastic deformation
Brittle deformation brittleplastic and brittleductile transition
Diffusion and diffusional creep
Effects of phase transformations
Stability and localization of deformation
Composition and structure of Earths interior
Inference of rheological structure of Earth from timedependent deformation
Inference of rheological structure of Earth from mineral physics
Heterogeneity of Earth structure and its geodynamic implications
Seismic anisotropy and its geodynamic implications
ÀÁ activation volume anelasticity anisotropy anomalies atoms Burgers vector caused Chapter chemical Consequently controlled crystal depth deviatoric diffusion coefficient diffusional creep dislocation creep dislocation density dislocation motion distribution dynamic recrystallization ðÞ Earth Earth’s interior effects elastic constants enthalpy equation experimental fraction free energy frequency geoid geometry Geophysical Research glide grain boundaries grain growth grain size heterogeneity hydrogen important inferred inner core KARATO KOHLSTEDT lattice layer lithosphere lower mantle materials mechanisms microstructures minerals modulus nucleation observations occurs olivine orientation parameters partial melting Peierls stress perovskite phase transformation physical plane plastic deformation plastic flow point defects polycrystalline post-glacial rebound processes quartz regime regions relation rheological rheological properties ringwoodite rocks S-wave sample seismic wave seismic wave velocities simple shear slip systems solid strain rate strength structure temperature thermal tion transition zone upper mantle variation viscosity wadsleyite water content
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Page 449 - Luther, DS, 1975, Dynamics of laboratory diapir and plume models: Journal of Geophysical Research, v.