Deformation of Earth Materials: An Introduction to the Rheology of Solid Earth

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Cambridge University Press, Jan 22, 2008 - Science
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This graduate textbook presents a comprehensive, unified treatment of the materials science of deformation as applied to solid Earth geophysics and geology. The deformation of Earth materials is presented in a systematic way covering elastic, anelastic and viscous deformation. Advanced discussions on relevant debates are also included to bring readers a full picture of science in this interdisciplinary area. This textbook is ideal for graduate courses on the rheology and dynamics of solid Earth, and includes review questions with solutions so readers can monitor their understanding of the material presented. It is also a much-needed reference for geoscientists in many fields including geology, geophysics, geochemistry, materials science, mineralogy and ceramics.
  

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Contents

Thermodynamics
13
Phenomenological theory of deformation
34
Elasticity
51
Crystalline defects
75
Experimental techniques for study of plastic deformation
99
Brittle deformation brittleplastic and brittleductile transition
114
Diffusion and diffusional creep
123
Dislocation creep
143
Latticepreferred orientation
255
Effects of phase transformations
271
Stability and localization of deformation
288
Composition and structure of Earths interior
305
Inference of rheological structure of Earth from timedependent deformation
323
Inference of rheological structure of Earth from mineral physics
338
Heterogeneity of Earth structure and its geodynamic implications
363
Seismic anisotropy and its geodynamic implications
391

Effects of pressure and water
168
Physical mechanisms of seismic wave attenuation
199
Deformation of multiphase materials
214
Grain size
232
References
412
Materials index
452
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Page 447 - PATERSON, MS 1979. Experimental deformation of partially-melted granite. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 70, 299-318.
Page 444 - Seismic wave attenuation and partial melting in the upper mantle of North America.
Page 433 - Lister, GS, Paterson, MS and Hobbs, BE, 1978. The simulation of fabric development in plastic deformation and its application to quartzite: the model. Tectonophysics, 45: 107158.
Page 449 - Luther, DS, 1975, Dynamics of laboratory diapir and plume models: Journal of Geophysical Research, v.
Page 438 - Pearson DG (1999) Evolution of cratonic lithospheric mantle: an isotopic perspective. In Mantle petrology: Field Observations and High Pressure Experimentation (ed. Y. Fei, CM Bertka, and BO Mysen), pp.

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