Gould shows why a more accurate way of understanding our world is to look at a given subject within its own context, to see it as a part of a spectrum of variation and then to reconceptualize trends as expansion or contraction of this “full house” of variation, and not as the progress or degeneration of an average value, or single thing.
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The Lying Stones of Marrakech: Penultimate Reflections in Natural History
Stephen Jay Gould
No preview available - 2000
abstract Adapted American League animals argument bacteria bacterial mode ball baseball baseball’s basic batting averages bell curve better bias Boston Marathon central tendency Cope’s Rule creatures cultural Darwin Darwinian decline decrease deﬁned deﬁnition disappearance of 0.400 domination driven trend earth entire Equus eukaryotic evolution evolutionary example exist expanding extinction of 0.400 favored ﬁelders ﬁelding ﬁgure ﬁnd ﬁrst ﬁshes ﬁve fossil record full house hitters hitting horses human Huxley improvement left wall life’s history limited lineages live major mammals McShea mean batting average measure of central median Mesohippus mesothelioma million Miohippus modern moving multicellular natural selection oflife oflife’s ofthe organisms paleontologists passive pathway percent perissodactyls photosynthesis pitchers pitching planktonic planktonic forams play players potential progress random reasons right tail right wall right-skewed distribution sequence skewed species story tion Tony Gwynn values variation vertebrates wall of minimal Wee Willie Keeler