Molecular Panbiogeography of the Tropics
Molecular studies reveal highly ordered geographic patterns in plant and animal distributions. The tropics illustrate these patterns of community immobilism leading to allopatric differentiation, as well as other patterns of mobilism, range expansion, and overlap of taxa. Integrating Earth history and biogeography, Molecular Panbiogeography of the Tropics is an alternative view of distributional history in which groups are older than suggested by fossils and fossil-calibrated molecular clocks. The author discusses possible causes for the endemism of high-level taxa in tropical America and Madagascar, and overlapping clades in South America, Africa, and Asia. The book concludes with a critique of adaptation by selection, founded on biogeography and recent work in genetics.
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The Living Elephants: Evolutionary Ecology, Behaviour, and Conservation
Limited preview - 2003
1 Evolution in Space
2 Evolution in Time
A New Model Based on Molecular Phylogenetics Vicariance and Plate Tectonics ...
4 Biogeography of New World Monkeys
5 Primates in Africa and Asia
Endemism Vicariance and Plate Tectonics
The Global Context
8 Distribution within the Hawaiian Islands
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accreted adapiforms Africa allopatric Amazonia anthropoids Asia Asteraceae Atlantic atolls basal clade basin biogeography biota birds Borneo Brazil break Caledonia calibration Cenozoic center of origin central Pacific clades colonization dates differentiation disjunctions distribution diversity Early Cretaceous east eastern ecological endemic Eocene evolution evolutionary example extant fault forest fossil record fossil-calibrated genera genetic genome genus geographic geological Gondwana Guinea habitat haplorhines Hawaii Hawaiian Islands indicate Kauai Late Cretaceous lemurs lineages long-distance dispersal Madagascar main clades mainland mammals mangrove margin Maui Mayr modern molecular clock molecular phylogeny molecular studies morphological nodes Oahu occur Ocean ofthe omomyiforms overlap pattern Philippines phylogenetic plate plateau platyrrhines plesiadapiforms populations primates progression rule range expansion region rifting Rutaceae Scandentia seamounts sequence sister group South America Southeast southern speciation species strepsirrhines strike-slip subduction suggested Sulawesi tarsiers taxa tectonic terranes tion uplift vicariance volcanic western widespread ancestor widespread clades