The Roman Army of the Punic Wars 264-146 BC
Long before the Second Punic War (218 - 201 BC), Rome's influence extended no further than the Alps, and the wars that it fought consisted of small-scale raids and cattle rustling, with perhaps the occasional battle between armies.
Nevertheless, within a century the seeds of an empire had been sown in Iberia, Africa, and the Greek east, and the Roman Republican army became the most successful of its day, establishing standards of discipline, organization, and efficiency that set a bench mark for the later armies of Rome.
With the evolution of the Roman Republic came the adoption of the Manipular legion, a formation taken from the hoplite phalanx and first used in mass deployment against the North African nation of Carthage, during the Punic Wars.
In this book Nic Fields examines the evolution of the Roman army from its defeat at Cannae through to their final success at Zama which saw a small city-based force evolve into a Mediterranean powerhouse, demonstrating how and why it became the most highly organized, sophisticated force in the ancient world.
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Roman military organization
Socii military organization
Roman Army in battle
according to Livy Aemilius Paullus Africa allied cavalry Apennines Appian Author's collection Barca Caius Flaminius camp campaign Campania Cannae Capua Carthage Carthaginians centre centurion century BC citizens Claudius Nero command consular army consuls Cornelius Scipio decurio defeat deployed Diodoros eg/ones elephants enemy equites Esther Carre Etruria Etruscan Fabius Maximus Cunctator fighting force Fulvius Flaccus Gallia Cisalpina Gauls gladius Greek Hamilcar Hannibal Hannibal's Hasdrubal hastati heavy infantry helmet hoplite Latin-ltalian alae lberian lberian warriors legionaries Licinus light-armed troops Ligustinus Livius Salinator Livy ltalian cavalry Macedonian maniples manipular manoeuvre Metaurus military tribunes Museo Numidian o/oe Order of battle phalanx pi/um Polybios Polybios says Porcius praetor Pyrrhos Roman Army Roman cavalry Rome Rome's Samnites Sardinia scutum Second Punic Second Punic War Sempronius Senate shield Sicily siege skirmishers soldiers southern ltaly sword Syracuse tactical Trasimene Trebbia triarii turma velites veterans victory weapon Zama