The A to Z of Sacred Music
Nearly all religious traditions have reserved a special place for sacred music. Whether it is music accompanying a ritual or purely for devotional purposes, music composed for entire congregations or for the trained soloist, or music set to holy words or purely instrumental, in some form or another, music is present. In fact, in some traditions the relation between the music and the ritual is so intimate that to distinguish between them would be inaccurate. The A to Z of Sacred Music covers the most important aspects of the sacred music of Buddhism, Christianity, Confucianism, Hinduism, Islam, Judaism, and other smaller religious groups. It provides useful information on all the significant traditions of this music through the use of a chronology, an introductory essay, a bibliography, appendixes, and hundreds of cross-referenced dictionary entries on major types of music, composers, key religious figures, specialized positions, genres of composition, technical terms, instruments, fundamental documents and sources, significant places, and important musical compositions.
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Texts of the Roman Catholic Rites
Shema and Kaddish
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16th century Agnus Alleluia Anglican anthems antiphons Bach’s Baroque Biblical Byzantine chant cantatas canticles cantor cantus ﬁrmus cappella Cathedral Chapel chieﬂy choir chorale chorus Christian church music composed composition concert continuo cori spezzati Deum divine ofﬁce drum earliest famous feasts ﬁgure ﬁrst ﬁve four four-voiced fugues genre German Giovanni Giovanni da Palestrina Gloria Gregorian chant Handel Holy hymn Hymnal imitation inﬂuence inﬂuential instruments Islam Italian Jewish Johann Sebastian Bach John Josquin Desprez keyboard Kyrie Latin Leipzig liturgical liturgical music liturgy Lutheran maestro Magniﬁcat melody metrical Missa mode motets movements notation ofthe opera oratorios orchestra organist Orlandus Lassus Palestrina passion performance pipe organ pitch polyphony prayers preludes psalm tones published recitative reform repertory Requiem responsorial rite Rome sacred concertos sacred music secular settings signiﬁcant singers solo soloists sources speciﬁc spiritual stile antico style sung technique tenor texts texture tion traditional tropes tunes verse Vespers vocal voices