A Manual of Nursing, Medical and Surgical

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Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2009 - 104 pages
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This historic book may have numerous typos, missing text or index. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. 1883. Not illustrated. Excerpt: ... ENEMATA. 45 ipecacuanha powder, which is a much more certain preparation, is, for adults, fifteen to thirty grains, and for children, six to twelve months of age, two to three grains, either dry or mixed with a little warm water. Immediately that an emetic is administered, a basin should be placed in readiness, as vomiting. may take place quite suddenly; and whatever the form of emetic selected, half a pint of lukewarm water should be given after each act of vomiting. Enemata.--Injections into the bowel, or enemata, are given for the purpose of emptying the bowel of its contents, and of administering medicine or nourishment. Of the instruments in common use, the syringe known as Higginson's is the simplest. It consists of an oblong bulb or hand-pump of india-rubber, to which an india-rubber tube is attached at each end, communicating with tbe bulb by means of valves. One of these tubes terminates in an ivory or bone nozzle with a shoulder-piece, for introducing into the bowel; the other is fitted at its extremity with a perforated metallic cap, through which is drawn up the fluid to be injected. A syringe, known as. Ingram's improved Higginson (Fig. 5), can now be had, made in one continuous piece, without seams or ribs, .which obviates the great objection to the ordinary Higginson, namely, its tendency to split along the seams. and become leaky at the joints. When the instrument has been used it should not be put away in a box, As the compound ipecacuanha powder contains as much opium as ipecacuanha, and is prescribed for an entirely different purpose, it is important not to omit the word " simple."" which necessitates the folding of the tubes upon themselves and is apt to crack and spoil the india rubber, but hung up by a loop fastened round the metallic end, ...

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