A Nation at War: Australian Politics, Society and Diplomacy During the Vietnam War 1965-1975

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Allen & Unwin, 1997 - History - 460 pages
"A Nation At War tells the story of Australia during this tumultuous decade. It shows how the initial support for the Vietnam commitment was eroded until a majority of the population came to think that it was mistaken, if not immoral. The book traces the growth of the protest movement against the War and conscription, giving the most detailed account yet published of the three Moratorium protests in which tens of thousands of Australians demonstrated. A Nation At War discusses the decisions of the Menzies, Holt, Gorton, McMahon and Whitlam Governments, as they responded to these unprecedented protests while wrestling with diplomatic pressures emanating from powerful allies and strife-torn neighbours. The book also analyses the incidents which shaped the debate and which long remained in public memory - the alleged 'water torture' incident, the episodes involving conscientious objectors like Simon Townsend and William White, and many more."--BOOK JACKET.
 

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Contents

Doubt dissent defiance and destruction 196869
206
To Thi Nau after the alleged water torture incident
210
Protest at Pentridge Prison in support of conscientious objector
220
The CDNSA advertisement as it appeared in the Australian
229
Towards withdrawal and the first Moratorium
236
John Gorton during a national telecast on the Australian
240
Antiwar poster produced by the CDNSA
247
Schools Moratorium Campaign poster
254

King on the questionnaire issued to Australian soldiers
69
Conscription and the commitment of a task force
76
Save Our Sons demonstration in Canberra 1965
81
Anticonscription demonstration outside Holts Melbourne home
97
the Government and its allies
99
Participants in the June 1966 SEATO meeting in Canberra
111
controversy the Opposition
119
Graffiti on the Adelaide Cross of Remembrance after Errol
125
ALP and Liberal Party advertisements for the 1966 general
138
Escalation amid uncertainty 1967
139
Harold Holt with US advisers Clark Clifford and Maxwell
151
The rise of dissent and protest 1967
157
Gough Whitlam with Arthur Calwell
163
New left activist Mike Jones in 1968
169
Dignitaries at the memorial service for Harold Holt
175
A new environment a lost opportunity 196869
177
Pettys comment on the 1969 Anzac Day march
182
A new Prime Minister in a world of revolutions 196869
190
John Gorton with Lord Casey John McEwen and William
191
John Gorton with Indonesian President Suharto in Jakarta
198
Pettys view of the Vietnamisation process
204
Vietnam Moratorium Committee Chairman Jim Cairns at
266
The first and second Moratoriums MaySeptember 1970
267
Brian Laver being restrained during the Brisbane Moratorium
272
Jim Cairns speaking outside Sale Prison in support of Brian Ross
278
Tanners view of being a radical September 1970
285
Brisbanes welcome home march for 8 RAR November 1970
291
The third Moratorium and withdrawal from Vietnam
292
Dr Benjamin Spock at the National Press Club June 1971
301
Draft resisters at Melbourne University September 1971
309
Antiwar demonstration in Sydney 1972
315
The Whitlam Government and the end of
318
The return of the last Australian troops from Vietnam
321
Gough Whitlam with a Vietnamese orphan April 1975
330
Tanners view of the cables affair April 1975
337
Epilogue and conclusions
340
The national service scheme 196472
355
Major Australian Government officebearers 196575
381
Endnotes
387
Bibliography Christopher Waters
432
Index
443
Copyright

Common terms and phrases

Popular passages

Page 30 - The takeover of South Vietnam would be a direct military threat to Australia and all the countries of South and South-East Asia. It must be seen as part of a thrust by Communist China between the Indian and Pacific Oceans. This was
Page 114 - And so, sir, in the lonelier and perhaps even more disheartening moments which come to any national leader, I hope there will be a corner of your heart and mind which takes cheer from the fact that you have an admiring friend, a staunch friend that will be all the way with LBJ.
Page 112 - Australia, the Republic of China, Japan, the Republic of Korea, Malaysia, New Zealand, the Philippines, Thailand and the Republic of Vietnam. The
Page 189 - other nations must recognize that the role of the United States as world policeman is likely to be limited in the future'.
Page 30 - in receipt of a request from the Government of South Vietnam for further military assistance'.
Page 35 - is a civil war, aided and abetted by the North Vietnamese Government, but neither created nor principally maintained by it'.
Page 297 - a dangerous reluctance to consult Cabinet, and an obstinate determination to get his own way'. He
Page 413 - Asia After Viet Nam', Foreign Affairs, vol. 46, no. 1, October 1967, pp. 111—25;
Page 108 - Sibnarayan Ray, head of the Department of Indian Studies at the University of Melbourne.
Page 390 - Australian Foreign Policy in Action', in Gordon Greenwood and Norman Harper (eds), Australia in

About the author (1997)

Peter Edwards, the Official Historian of Australia's Involvement in Southeast Asian Conflicts, is a graduate of the Universities of Western Australia and Oxford. A former Rhodes Scholar, he has published extensively in twentieth century history, principally in the area of Australian foreign policy, Europe between the two world wars, and Australian-American relations. Dr Edwards is currently the Executive Director of the Australian Centre for American Studies, a national centre located at the University of Sydney.

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