Beauty and Revolution in Science

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Cornell University Press, 1999 - Philosophy - 231 pages
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Explaining why he embraced the theory of relativity, the Nobel Prize-winning theoretical physicist P. A. M. Dirac stated, "It is the essential beauty of the theory which I feel is the real reason for believing in it." How reasonable and rational can science be when its practitioners speak of "revolutions" in their thinking and extol certain theories for their "beauty"? James W. McAllister addresses this question with the first systematic study of the aesthetic evaluations that scientists pass on their theories.

Using a wealth of other examples, McAllister explains how scientists' aesthetic preferences are influenced by the empirical track record of theories, describes the origin and development of aesthetic styles of theorizing, and reconsiders whether simplicity is an empirical or an aesthetic virtue of theories. McAllister then advances an innovative model of scientific revolutions, in opposition to that of Thomas S. Kuhn.

Three detailed studies demonstrate the interconnection of empirical performance, beauty, and revolution. One examines the impact of new construction materials on the history of architecture. Another reexamines the transition from the Ptolemaic system to Kepler's theory in planetary astronomy, and the third documents the rise of relativity and quantum theory in the twentieth century.

 

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Beauty & revolution in science

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McAllister (philosophy, Univ. of Leiden) critically explores the influences that aesthetic judgments have on deciding which theories best account for natural phenomena. Given his own rationalist image ... Read full review

Contents

Abstract Entities and Aesthetic Evaluations
24
e Aesthetic Properties of Scientific Theories
39
Visualization and Abstractness
48
Metaphysical Allegiance
54
Two Erroneous Views of Scientists Aesthetic Judgments
61
The Inductive Construction of Aesthetic Preference
70
Study of Simplicity
105
Degrees and Forms of Simplicity
111
Quantitative Definitions of Simplicity in Theory Choice
118
Revolution as Aesthetic Rupture
125
Induction and Revolution in the Applied Arts
141
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Is Science Neurotic?
Nicholas Maxwell
No preview available - 2004
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About the author (1999)

James W. McAllister is Associate Professor at the Institute of Philosophy, University of Leiden, and the editor of the journal, International Studies in the Philosophy of Science.

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