Cannabis Policy: Moving Beyond Stalemate

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Oxford University Press, 2010 - Medical - 233 pages
Cannabis, marijuana, pot, ganja - it goes by many names - is by far the most widely used illegal substance, and accounts for more arrests than any other drug. Barely a week goes by without this drug appearing in the newspapers, and politicians have famously tied themselves in knots, trying to decide just how to deal with this recreational drug. While there have been many drug policy books on other substances - both legal and illegal, few have focused on this drug.

Cannabis Policy: Moving Beyond Stalemate is unique in providing the materials needed for deciding on policy about cannabis in its various forms. It reviews the state of knowledge on the health and psychological effects of cannabis, and its dangerousness relative to other drugs. It considers patterns and trends in use, the size and character of illicit markets, and the administration of current policies, including arrests and diversion to treatment, under the global prohibition regime. It looks at the experience of a number of countries which have tried reforming their regimes and softening prohibition, exploring the kinds of changes or penalties for use for possession: including depenalization, decriminalization, medical control, and different types of legalization. It evaluates such changes and draws on them to assess the effects on levels and patterns of use, on the market, and on adverse consequences of prohibition. For policymakers willing to look outside the box of the global prohibition regime, the book examines the options and possibilities for a country or group of countries to bring about change in, or opt out of, the global control system.

Throughout, the book examines cannabis within a global frame, and provides in accessible form information which anyone considering reform will need in order to make decisions on cannabis policy (much of which is new or has not been readily available). This book will be essential for those involved in policymaking and be of interest to a wide range of readers interested in drugs and drug policy, as well as being an excellent supplementary text for university courses in criminology, policy science, social science, or public health.



Conclusions and recommendations of the Cannabis Commission
Draft Framework Convention on Cannabis Control
About the authors and The Beckley Foundation

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About the author (2010)

Robin Room grew up in Sydney, Australia and received his higher education in the U.S., with a PhD in sociology from the University of California, Berkeley. He was the Scientific Director of the Alcohol Research Group in Berkeley, a U.S. National Alcohol Research Center, from 1977 to 1991, andthen the Vice-President for Research at the Addiction Research Foundation of Ontario, Canada, from 1991 to 1998. In 1999 he was appointed as a professor and the founding director of the Centre for Social Research on Alcohol and Drugs at Stockholm University. Since March, 2006, he has been aProfessor in the School of Population Health of the University of Melbourne and the Director of the AER Centre for Alcohol Policy Research at Turning Point Alcohol and Drug Centre. He has worked on social, cultural and epidemiological studies of alcohol, drugs and gambling behaviour and problems,and studies of social responses to alcohol and drug problems and of the effects of policy changes. Simon Lenton PhD MPsych(clin) is a Professor and Deputy Director at the National Drug Research Institute, in Perth Western Australia where he has worked since 1993. He also works part time as aClinical Psychologist in private practice specializing in drug issues. Simon previously worked in the government alcohol and other drug sector as a clinical psychologist and manager. His research interests include bridging the gap between drug policy research and drug policy practice, illicit druguse and harm reduction, impact of legislative options for drugs, and drink and drug driving. He has published more than 30 scientific articles, book chapters and reports on cannabis, health and the law and presented on the topic at numerous national and international conferences. Peter Reuter isProfessor in the School of Public Policy and in the Department of Criminology at the University of Maryland. He is Director of the Program on the Economics of Crime and Justice Policy at the University and also Senior Economist at RAND. He founded and directed RAND''s Drug Policy Research Center from1989-1993; the Center is a multi-disciplinary research program begun in 1989 with funding from a number of foundations. His early research focused on the organization of illegal markets and resulted in the publication of Disorganized Crime: The Economics of the Visible Hand (MIT Pres, 1983), whichwon the Leslie Wilkins award as most outstanding book of the year in criminology and criminal justice. Since 1985 most of his research has dealt with alternative approaches to controlling drug problems, both in the United States and Western Europe. Wayne Hall is an NHMRC Australia Fellow andProfessor of Public Health Policy in the School of Population Health, University of Queensland. He was formerly Director of the Office of Public Policy and Ethics at the Institute for Molecular Bioscience, UQ (2001-2005) and Director of the National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre at UNSW(1994-2001). He has advised the World Health Organization on: the health effects of cannabis use; the effectiveness of drug substitution treatment; the scientific quality of the Swiss heroin trials; the contribution of illicit drug use to the global burden of disease; and the ethical implicationsof genetic and neuroscience research on addiction.. In 2001 he was identified by the Institute for Scientific Analysis as one of the world''s most highly cited social scientists in the past 20 years. Benedikt Fischer, PhD, obtained his doctorate in Criminology at the University of Toronto (Canada)in 1998. After appointments as a Research Scientist at the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH) as well as a faculty member in the Department of Public Health Sciences and at the Centre of Criminology, University of Toronto, he joined the newly established Faculty of Health Sciences, SimonFraser University, Vancouver, Canada, in 2008. There, he is a full professor and holds a CIHR/PHAC Research Chair in Applied Public Health and a Michael Smith Foundation for Health Research Senior Scholar Award. His research is interdisciplinary in nature, and concentrates mainly on substance useand mental health, infectious diseases, urban/public health, criminal justice, marginalized populations, interventions and policy. He is widely published in these areas.

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