Cartoon Cultures: The Globalization of Japanese Popular Media

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Peter Lang, 2010 - Social Science - 194 pages
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From 1993 to 2003, exports of Japan’s cartoon arts tripled in value, to $12.5 billion. Fan phenomena around the world - in U.S. malls, teen girls flock to purchase the latest Fruits Basket graphic novel; in Hungary, young people gather for a summer «cosplay» (costume dress-up) event - illustrate the global popularity of manga and anime. Drawing on extensive research and more than 100 original interviews, Anne Cooper-Chen explains how and why the un-Disney has penetrated nearly every corner of the planet. This book uses concepts such as cultural proximity, uses and gratifications, and cultural variability to explain cross-cultural adaptations in a broad international approach. It emphasizes that overseas acceptance has surprised the Japanese, who create manga and anime primarily for a domestic audience. Including some sobering facts about the future of the industry, the book highlights how overseas enthusiasm could actually save a domestic industry that may decline in the contracting and graying country of its birth. Designed for courses covering international mass media, media and globalization and introduction to Japanese culture, the book is written primarily for undergraduates, and includes many student-friendly features such as a glossary, timeline and source list.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
Japan as Creator and Exporter
19
Cartoon Enterprises
35
Crosscultural Transformations
51
Fandom
67
East and Southeast Asia
85
The United States
103
Looking Forward and Back
143
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About the author (2010)

Anne Cooper-Chen received her Ph.D. from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and is a professor of journalism at Ohio University. She has more than ten years’ full-time media experience and is author of Games in the Global Village (1994) and Mass Communication in Japan (1997), and editor of Global Entertainment Media (2005). From 1992 to 1993 she was a Fulbright Senior Research Scholar in Japan, and in 2009 was a visiting professor in Tokyo.

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