Designing for Luxury on the Bay of Naples: Villas and Landscapes (c. 100 BCE - 79 CE)
This study explores Roman luxury villa architecture and the Roman luxury villa lifestyle to shed light on the villas' design as a dynamic process related to cultural, social, and environmental factors. Roman villas expressed a novel architectural language which was developed by designers appropriating the existing stylistic and thematic vocabularies of Hellenistic and Roman architecture. Zarmakoupi seeks to describe and explain the ways in which this architecture accommodated the lifestyle of educated leisure and an appreciation of the Roman landscape, and how, in doing so, it became a cultural phenomenon and a crucial element in the construction of Roman cultural identity. In their effort to accommodate the Greek style, Romans created something completely unprecedented in the history of architecture. Through an analysis of five villas from around the bay of Naples (c. 100 BCE - 79 CE), the volume shows that in designing for luxury, Romans developed a sophisticated interplay between architecture and landscape, an interplay which is still seen in architectural design today.
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List of Tables
List of Abbreviations
Roman luxury villas Introduction historiography and scope
Porticus and cryptoporticus
Water features Euripi natationes and nymphaea
Triclinia and dining facilities
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aqueduct archaeological Archaeologici di Napoli architects architectural design architectural language atrium Attivita bay of Naples Campanian central Cicero cluster of rooms colonnade columns created cryptoporticus cryptoporticus 24 cultural Culturali decorated diaeta Domus Domus Aurea east wing elite example excavations fašade Figures App.1 fishpond fountain Fourth Style wall garden 9 Greek grotto Guidobaldi Hellenistic interior landscapes Loeb edn Mantha Zarmakoupi marble Ministero monumental Napoli e Pompei north garden northeast northwest nymphaeum palace palaestra panels Papyri peristyle peristylium peristylium–garden pinakes plane trees Pliny the Younger Pliny’s pool 15 porticoed gardens porticus 54 porticus 60 porticus and cryptoporticus porticus–garden reconstruction rectangular representation Roman luxury villas Roman villas Rome room 21 room 69 sculptures Settefinestre side social Soprintendenza Speciale southeast southwest spaces Stabiae statues Style wall paintings tablinum triclinium Villa Arianna Villa Oplontis Villa San Marco visual Weber’s plan zebra zebra patterns