English Ditransitive Verbs: Aspects of Theory, Description and a Usage-based Model
The present book offers fresh insights into the description of ditransitive verbs and their complementation in present-day English. In the theory-oriented first part, a pluralist framework is developed on the basis of previous research that integrates ditransitive verbs as lexical items with both the entirety of their complementation patterns and the cognitive and semantic aspects of ditransitivity. This approach is combined with modern corpus-linguistic methodology in the present study, which draws on an exhaustive semi-automatic analysis of all patterns of ditransitive verbs in the British component of the International Corpus of English (ICE-GB) and also takes into account selected data from the British National Corpus (BNC). In the second part of the study, the complementation of ditransitive verbs (e.g. give, send) is analysed quantitatively and qualitatively. Special emphasis is placed here on the identification of significant principles of pattern selection, i.e. factors that lead language users to prefer specific patterns over other patterns in given contexts (e.g. weight, focus, pattern flow in text, lexical constraints). In the last part, some general aspects of a network-like, usage-based model of ditransitive verbs, their patterns and the relevant principles of pattern selection are sketched out, thus bridging the gap between the performance-related description of language use and a competence-related model of language cognition.
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abstract acting entity affected entity analysis basic form Biber by-agent clause elements clause pattern cognitive grammar Comprehensive Grammar concept construction grammar context conventionalisation core corpora corpus data corpus linguistics corpus-based dative shift definition of ditransitive direct direct-object position ditrans ditransitive complementation ditransitive construction ditransitive patterns ditransitive situation schema example explicitised fact factors Figure form of ditransitive formal realisations frequency genres GIVE-patterns given verb grammatical institutionalisation grammaticalisation habitual ditransitive verbs Hunston ICE-GB indirect object instances language cognition language users lexical items lexicogrammatical patterns light verb Longman Grammar meaning model of language noun phrase occur Od:NP parsed particular pattern of GIVE pattern of TELL pattern selection peripheral ditransitive verbs possible present study principles of pattern pro-forms pron pronoun prototypical quantitative Quirk refers relative clause relevant routinised semantic roles SHOW situation type speakers specific structure syntactic TELL-patterns to-infinitive transferred entity type-I pattern type-IIl usage-based model valency