Family Fortunes: Men and Women of the English Middle Class, 1780-1850
"Family Fortunes is a major groundbreaking study that will become a classic in its field. I was fascinated by the information it provided and the argument it established about the role of gender in the construction of middle-class values, family life, and property relations.
"The book explores how the middle class constructed its own institutions, material culture and values during the industrial revolution, looking at two settings—urban manufacturing Birmingham and rural Essex—both centers of active capitalist development. The use of sources is dazzling: family business records, architectural designs, diaries, wills and trusts, newspapers, prescriptive literature, sermons, manuscript census tracts, the papers of philanthropic societies, popular fiction, and poetry.
"Family Fortunes occupies a place beside Mary Ryan's The Cradle of the Middle Class and Suzanne Lebsock's Free Women of Petersburg. It provides scholars with a definitive study of the middle class in England, and facilitates a comparative perspective on the history of middle-class women, property, and the family."—Judith Walkowitz, Johns Hopkins University
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Setting the scene
RELIGION AND IDEOLOGY
The one thing needful religion and the middle class
Ye are all one in Christ Jesus men women and religion
The nursery of virtue domestic ideology and the middle class
ECONOMIC STRUCTURE AND OPPORTUNITY
Our family is a little world family structure and relationships
My own fireside the creation of the middleclass home
Lofty pine and clinging vine living with gender in the middle class
Improving times men women and the public sphere
Notes and references
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active Anglican areas associated bankers became Bernard Barton Birmingham brother Cadbury census census sample cent chapel Chelmsford church clergy Colchester Colchester Hospital congregation Cowper culture daughter Dissenting domestic duties early nineteenth century economic Edgbaston eighteenth century England enterprise Essex and Suffolk established Evangelical farmers farming father female feminine friends Galton garden gender gentry Gibbins girls History household heads husband income Ipswich J. C. Loudon James Bisset Jane Taylor John Angell James Kenrick labour ladies living London Luckcock male manufacturers marriage married Marsh masculine merchants mid century middle middle-class minister moral mother nonconformist poem political professional Quaker religion religious rural Saffron Walden serious Christian servants sexual Shaen sister social Society sphere Suffolk Sunday school town trade Unitarian Unpublished diary Victorian widows wife William William Cowper Witham wives woman women wrote young