History of the White Australia Policy

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Melbourne University Press, 1923 - History - 217 pages
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This remarkable work was the first to examine the White Australia policy, and was the first book published by Melbourne University Press, in 1923. It has long been the authoritative reference on the subject, and is essential for every library. Though more than ninety years have passed since publication, the book remains invaluable. It surveys restrictions on immigration by the States before Federation, the system of indentured labour, and gives a picture of a young community protecting itself from immigration which would have altered its whole character.

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Page 59 - The United States of America and the Emperor of China cordially recognize the inherent and inalienable right of man to change his home and allegiance...
Page 15 - His Imperial Majesty the Emperor of China will, by Decree, command the high authorities of every province to proclaim throughout their jurisdictions, that Chinese choosing to take service in the British Colonies or other parts beyond sea, are at perfect liberty to enter into engagements with British subjects for that purpose, and to ship themselves and their families on board any British vessel at any of the open ports...
Page 174 - The history of the cruise of the 'Hopeful' is one long record of deceit, cruel treachery, deliberate kidnapping and cold-blooded murder.
Page 15 - British colonies, or other parts beyond sea, are at perfect liberty to enter into engagements with British subjects for that purpose, and to ship themselves and their families on board any British vessel at any of the open ports of China ; also that the high authorities aforesaid shall, in concert with her Britannic Majesty's representative in China, frame such regulations for the protection of Chinese, emigrating, as above, as the circumstances of the different open ports may demand.
Page 129 - The Mandatory shall have full power of administration and legislation over the territory subject to the present mandate...
Page 193 - Australia are little, and are, indeed, nothing when compared with a compensating freedom from the trials, sufferings, and losses that nearly wrecked the great republic of the west, still left with the heritage in their midst of a population which, no matter how splendid it may be in many qualities, is not being assimilated, and apparently is never to be assimilated in the nation of which they are politically and nominally a part.
Page 189 - Mr. Alfred Deakin in 1901, speaking on the subject of a White Australia, "means not only that its members can intermarry and associate without degradation on either side, but implies one inspired by the same ideals, and an aspiration towards the same ideals, of a people possessing the same general cast of character, tone of thought, the same constitutional training and traditions — a people qualified to live under this constitution, the broadest and most liberal perhaps the world has yet seen reduced...
Page 193 - Cost what it may, we are compelled at the very earliest hour of our national existence — at the very first opportunity when united action becomes possible — to make it positively clear that so far as in us lies, however limited we may be for a time by self-imposed restrictions upon settlement — however much we may sacrifice in the way of immediate monetary gain — however much we may retard the development of the remote and tropical portions of our territory — those sacrifices for the future...
Page 128 - ... of colour. But where they have already been employed in the service for a long period of years, to proscribe them from it now would be to produce justifiable discontent among a large portion of Her Majesty's subjects. Her Majesty's Government deeply regret...
Page 36 - Still, as several respected Chinese citizens of Victoria wrote in 1878 with regard to the riots on the goldfields: "If such a thing had happened in China — if a number of English miners had been subjected to such a cruel and wanton outrage — every newspaper in Great Britain would have been aflame with indignation; your envoy at Pekin would have demanded prompt reparation and adequate compensation; and if this had not been acceded to, some men-of-war would have been ordered to the mouth of the...

About the author (1923)

Born in 1887 Myra Willard became a pupil teacher at Greta public school in the Hunter Valley north of Sydney in 1904 and in 1908 was awarded a scholarship to Sydney Teachers' College. Allowed by the Education Department to enrol at the University of Sydney, she studied under George Arnold Wood, the first Challis Professor of History. Willard graduated with First-Class Honours in 1917 and won several prizes, including the Venour V. Nathan Prize for Australian or Imperial History in 1920.

In May 1920 the Senate of the University of Sydney awarded Willard the Frazer postgraduate scholarship in history. Wood supervised Willard's postgraduate study of migration to Australia and described her as 'an excellent research scholar'. At his instigation she wrote a prize-winning essay, The History of the White-Australia Policy to 1920, which in 1923 became the first book to be published by Melbourne University Press. Willard was awarded the Harbison-Higinbotham Research Scholarship by the University of Melbourne.

She died in 1971.

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