How Europe Underdeveloped Africa
"How Europe Underdeveloped Africa is a 1972 book written by Walter Rodney that describes how Africa was deliberately exploited and underdeveloped by European colonial regimes. One of his main arguments throughout the book is that Africa developed Europe at the same rate as Europe underdeveloped Africa. Rodney argues that a combination of power politics and economic exploitation of Africa by Europeans led to the poor state of African political and economic development evident in the late 20th century. Though, he did not intend 'to remove the ultimate responsibility for development from the shoulders of Africans... [He believes that] every African has a responsibility to understand the [capitalist] system and work for its overthrow'"--Wikipedia, viewed August 11, 2022.
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achieved African labor African societies agricultural America Arab areas Asia Bachwezi Bahutu Bank Batutsi became Benin bourgeois Britain British capitalism capitalist captives cash-crop church clan colonial Africa colonial education colonial period colonial powers colonial rule colonialists companies Congo cotton countries cultural Dahomey domination East economic Egypt epoch Ethiopia Europe European capitalist European slave trade exploitation export feudal fifteenth century forces France French French West Africa Ghana Gold Coast groups human imperialism imperialist important independence Indian industry instance investment ivory Kenya land Maghreb manufacture meant ment metropoles metropolitan military million mining Nigeria nineteenth century North peasants political population Portuguese pre-colonial production profits racist raw materials Rodney role ruling class sector Shaka ships Sierra Leone skills slavery social South Africa Sudan surplus tion Uganda underdeveloped Unilever Walter Walter Rodney wealth West Africa Western Sudan white settlers workers Yoruba Zimbabwe