India: Social Structure
This essay on Indian social structure originally formed a chapter in Volume 1 of The Gazetteer of India: Indian Union, published in 1965. It introduces the reader to the caste system, the village community, religious groups, marriage, kinship and inheritance, and changes in society at the time.
M.N. Srinivas is the author.
MARRIAGE KINSHIP AND INHERITANCE
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accept agricultural ancestral areas basis Bombay Brahmin British brothers called changes Christians cities common continued cooked customs daughter developed dominant economic especially existence fact factory father's female followed former girls give Government groups Harijans head hierarchy high castes higher Hindu hold household husband important increased India industry instance institution Jains joint family Kerala labour land landowners latter less living lower castes Madras male marriage marry matrilineal means mentioned movement Muslims Mysore Nambutri Nayars North occasionally occupation occur party pattern perform period political pollution population position Pradesh priest provides recent regarded region relations relatives religion religious religious groups residence respects resulted ritual rule rural Sanskritization schools share Sikhs social society South India TABLE tenants tion towns trade traditional urban village wedding West Western widow wife women younger