Indian Skilled Migration and Development: To Europe and Back
Gabriela Tejada, Uttam Bhattacharya, Binod Khadria, Christiane Kuptsch
Springer Science & Business Media, Apr 7, 2014 - Social Science - 332 pages
This edited contribution explores strategies and measures for leveraging the potential of skilled diasporas and for advancing knowledge-based evidence on return skilled migration and its impact on development. By taking the example of Indian skilled migration, this study identifies ways of involving returned skilled migrants in home country development as well as proposes approaches to engage the diaspora in development. As high-skill immigration from India to mainland Europe is a rather recent phenomenon, the activities of Indian professionals in Europe are under-researched. The findings have wider application in contributing to the policy dialogue on migration and development, specifically to the advantage for developing and emerging economies. The book employs an interdisciplinary, two-fold approach: The first part of the research looks at how international exposure affects the current situation of skilled returnees in India. The second, European, part of the research examines migration policies, labour market regulations and other institutional settings that enable or hinder skilled Indians’ links with the country of origin. Structural differences between the host countries may facilitate different levels of learning opportunities; thus, this book identifies good practices to promote the involvement of Indian skilled diaspora in socio-economic development. In applying the framework of diaspora contributions as well as the return channel to study the impact on India, the book draws on qualitative and quantitative research methods consisting of policy analysis, in-depth interviews with key experts and skilled migrants and on data sets collected specifically for this study.
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Part II Context and Trends
Bane or Boon for Development in India?
3 Investment and Skilled Mobility Linkages Between India and the EU
4 MigrationDevelopment Links in Selected European Destination Countries
5 Student Migration at the Global Trijuncture of Higher Education Competition for Talent and Migration Management
Part III Empirical Evidence and Policy Implications
Data Collection Strategies and Survey Methods
An Indian Perspective
8 Globalisation Challenges and Knowledge Transfer from the Indian Scientific Diaspora
The Case Study of Highly Skilled Indians in Europe
Matching Aspirations in the Host Countries with the Reality Back in India
Evidence from Indias Skilled Professionals
Motivations Trajectories and Realities
Emerging Trends and Issues with Special Reference to India
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academic Accessed Bengaluru brain drain CODE context contribute cooperation countries of origin Delhi destination countries developing countries development in India École Polytechnique economic emigration employees employment entrepreneurs environment Europe European Commission experience factors foreign gender Germany global globalisation higher education highly skilled Indians home country development host immigration impact important Indian diaspora Indian migrants Indian professionals Indian skilled migration influence Institute International Migration international student migration interviewees investment Jawaharlal Nehru University Khadria knowledge knowledge economy Kolkata labour market labour mobility migration and development Netherlands networks OECD opportunities organisations overseas Indians position Pravasi Bharatiya Divas programmes remittances respondents return migration return plans return to India reverse migration role Schengen Schengen Treaty scientific diasporas sector skilled professionals social society specific stay abroad survey Switzerland Table Tejada transfer transnational visa women workers World Bank