Liberalism and Empire: A Study in Nineteenth-Century British Liberal Thought

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University of Chicago Press, Jun 1, 1999 - History - 237 pages
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We take liberalism to be a set of ideas committed to political rights and self-determination, yet it also served to justify an empire built on political domination. Uday Mehta argues that imperialism, far from contradicting liberal tenets, in fact stemmed from liberal assumptions about reason and historical progress. Confronted with unfamiliar cultures such as India, British liberals could only see them as backward or infantile. In this, liberals manifested a narrow conception of human experience and ways of being in the world.

Ironically, it is in the conservative Edmund Burke—a severe critic of Britain's arrogant, paternalistic colonial expansion—that Mehta finds an alternative and more capacious liberal vision. Shedding light on a fundamental tension in liberal theory, Liberalism and Empire reaches beyond post-colonial studies to revise our conception of the grand liberal tradition and the conception of experience with which it is associated.

 

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Contents

INTRODUCTION
2
STRATEGIES LIBERAL CONVENTIONS AND IMPERIAL EXLUSIONS
47
PROGRESS CIVILIZATION AND CONSENT
78
LIBERALISM EMPIRE AND TERRITORY
116
EDMUND BURKE ON THE PERILS OF THE EMPIRE
154
EXPERIENCE AND UNFAMILIARITY
191
Index
220
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