Mammoths, Mastodonts, and Elephants: Biology, Behavior and the Fossil Record

Front Cover
Cambridge University Press, May 28, 1993 - Nature - 413 pages
0 Reviews
The diminishing population of African and Asian elephants can be compared to the extinction of other elephant-like species, such as mammoths and mastodonts, which occurred more than ten thousand years ago. The purpose of this book is to use the ecology and behavior of modern elephants to create models for reconstructing the life and death of extinct mammoths and mastodonts. The source of the models is a long-term and continuing study of elephants in Zimbabwe, Africa. These models are clearly described with respect to the anatomical, behavioral, and ecological similarities between past and present proboscideans. The implications of these similarities on the life and death of mammoths and mastodonts is explored in detail. The importance of this book is primarily its unifying perspective on living and extinct proboscideans: the fossil record is closely examined and compared to the natural history of surviving elephants. Dr. Haynes's studies of the places where African elephants die (so-called elephant burial grounds) are unique.
 

What people are saying - Write a review

We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.

Contents

Taxonomy classification of fossil and living forms
3
Physical appearance mammoths mastodonts and modern elephants
10
A referential model for understanding mammoths and mastodonts social structure and habitat use by modern elephants
56
Actualistic studies of mass deaths
111
Actualistic studies of mass kills
177
Finding meaning in proboscidean sites the world fossil record
195
Extinction in North America at the end of the Pleistocene
264
Final words
318
Methods for determining age in proboscideans
321
References
354
Index
397
Copyright

Other editions - View all

Common terms and phrases

Popular passages

Page 355 - EL SEGUNDO MAMUT FOSIL DE SANTA ISABEL IZTAPAN, MEXICO, Y ARTEFACTOS ASOCIADOS.
Page 355 - A. Hall-Martin; and DA RusselL 1985. Long-bone circumference and weight in mammals, birds and dinosaurs, Journal of Zoology, London A 207: 53-61.
Page 356 - Barnes, RFW 1982. Mate searching behaviour of elephant bulls in a semiarid environment.

References to this book

All Book Search results »

About the author (1993)

Gary Haynes is Foundation Professor of Anthropology at the University of Nevada, Reno. For eight years (2003 011) he was President of the Commission on Palaeoecology and Human Evolution in INQUA (the International Union for Quaternary Research). He has done fieldwork research on free-roaming elephants in southern Africa for over 30 years, and has also specialized in the study of earliest American Paleoindian cultures. Current research is focused on Zimbabwean prehistory and paleoenvironments.

Bibliographic information