Metaphor: A Practical Introduction
This clear and lucid primer fills an important need by providing a comprehensive account of the many new developments in the study of metaphor over the last twenty years and their impact on our understanding of language, culture, and the mind. Beginning with Lakoff and Johnson's seminal work in Metaphors We Live By, Kövecses outlines the development of "the cognitive linguistic theory of metaphor" by explaining key ideas on metaphor. He also explores primary metaphor, metaphor systems, the "invariance principle," mental-imagery experiments, the many-space blending theory, and the role of image schemas in metaphorical thought. He examines the applicability of these ideas to numerous related fields.
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1 What Is Metaphor?
2 Common Source and Target Domains
3 Kinds of Metaphor
4 Metaphor in Literature
5 Nonlinguistic Realizations of Conceptual Metaphors
6 The Basis of Metaphor
7 The Partial Nature of Metaphorical Mappings
8 Metaphorical Entailments
13 Cultural Variation in Metaphor and Metonymy
14 Metaphor Metonymy and Idioms
15 Metaphor and Metonymy in the Study of Language
16 Metaphors and Blends
17 How Does All This Hang Together?
Solutions to Exercises
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abstract complex systems action anger animal argument argument theory aspects basic behavior blended space captive animal Chagga characterized Chinese Cobuild cognitive linguistic view conceptual blending conceptual domain conceptual metaphors conceptual metonymies conceptual system constitute container metaphor conventional knowledge conventionalized correlations in experience correspondences cultural discussed elements emotion entities Event Structure metaphor everyday experiential basis fire force generic-level George Lakoff Grim Reaper happiness hot fluid Hungarian Idealized cognitive models idiomatic idioms image-schemas intensity involves journey kind Kövecses Lakoff and Johnson language large number linguistic examples main meaning focus metaphor and metonymy Metaphor Dictionary metaphor systems metaphorical conceptualization metaphorical entailments metaphorical expressions metaphorical linguistic expressions metonymic relationships motion motivation object one’s person phor physical plants polysemy primary metaphors Ray Gibbs sense sentence social source and target source concept source domain specific target concepts target domains theory things understanding verbs view of metaphor Wolof words Zulu