Michael and Christ: Michael Traditions and Angel Christology in Early Christianity, Issues 109-110
In recent years a number of New Testament scholars have argued that Jewish beliefs and traditions about the principal angel hold the key to understanding why early Christians came to make such exalted claims about Jesus of Nazareth. Jewish and early Christian traditions about the archangel Michael provide a ready test for this thesis. For Michael is very often the principal figure in Jewish and early Christian angelology. Darrell D. Hannah examines Michael traditions from the Old Testament, Jewish apocalyptic, Qumran, Philo, the Rabbis, Merkabah mysticism, the New Testament, Christian apocalyptic, the New Testament Apocrypha, and the Fathers of the second century. From this mass of literature three forms of angelic Christology are evidenced. First, some early 'orthodox' Christians developed an 'theophanic angel Christology'. That is, they interpreted Old Testament passages about the 'angel of the Lord' as 'pre-incarnate manifestations' of Christ. Secondly, some 'heretical' forms of Jewish Christianity identified Christ as an incarnation of the highest archangel. Finally, some Christians found in Jewish speculations about the Principal Angel (Michael, Metatron, Yahoel, etc.) a conceptual framework within which to place a second divine figure. Principal angel traditions, particularly those about the archangel Michael, were useful for elucidating the significance of Christ. However, 'orthodox' Christians who made use of these traditions were very careful to avoid any implication that Christ possessed an angelic nature. 'Orthodox' Christians never regarded Christ merely as an angel, not even as the angel. The Shepherd of Hermas identified Christ with Michael, but would seem to have been unique in this.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
Michael in Jewish Literature of the Second Temple Period
The Archangel Michael in Jewish Apocalyptic
The Archangel Michael in the Literature of Qumran
Michael and Philos Logos Doctrine
The Archangel Michael in Rabbinic and Hekhalot Literature
Michael in Early Christian Literature
Michael and Angelic Christology in Second
Other editions - View all
Abraham angel Christology Angel Veneration angelology angelomorphic Animal Apocalypse appears argued Ascension of Isaiah attributed ayyeXoq Barbel Bauckham Book of Daniel chapter Dial divine Name early Christian Ebionites Enoch Epiphanius Epistle eschatological evidence exegesis Exodus angel Father Gabriel GenR Gnosticism God's Gospel Greek heaven Hebrews Hekhalot Hermas high priest Holy Spirit human Hurtado idem identified Christ imply interpretation Irenaeus Israel Jesus Jewish apocalyptic Jewish Christianity Jews John Jubilees Judaism Jude Justin Martyr literature Logos Lord Lueken Melchizedek Merkavah Messiah Metatron Michael traditions Mohr Siebeck Moses NT authors Old Testament original parallels passages Philo Prayer of Joseph pre-existent Prince of Light principal angel Qumran Rabbinic Raphael reading reference Revelation role Rowland Satan Scroll Second Temple sectarian Stuckenbruck suggests Tertullian Testament of Abraham Testament of Solomon Theology third centuries tion translation Tubingen understood Uriel vision Vols War Scroll Werner worship Yahweh