Neither Cargo Nor Cult: Ritual Politics and the Colonial Imagination in Fiji
In the 1880s an oracle priest, Navosavakadua, mobilized Fijians of the hinterlands against the encroachment of both Fijian chiefs and British colonizers. British officials called the movement the Tuka cult, imagining it as a contagious superstition that had to be stopped. Navosavakadua and many of his followers, deemed "dangerous and disaffected natives," were exiled. Scholars have since made Tuka the standard example of the Pacific cargo cult, describing it as a millenarian movement in which dispossessed islanders sought Western goods by magical means. In this study of colonial and postcolonial Fiji, Martha Kaplan examines the effects of narratives made real and traces a complex history that began neither as a search for cargo, nor as a cult.
Engaging Fijian oral history and texts as well as colonial records, Kaplan resituates Tuka in the flow of indigenous Fijian history-making and rereads the archives for an ethnography of British colonizing power. Proposing neither unchanging indigenous culture nor the inevitable hegemony of colonial power, she describes the dialogic relationship between plural, contesting, and changing articulations of both Fijian and colonial culture.
A remarkable enthnographic account of power and meaning, Neither Cargo nor Cult addresses compelling questions within anthropological theory. It will attract a wide audience among those interested in colonial and postcolonial societies, ritual and religious movements, hegemony and resistance, and the Pacific Islands.
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INTRODUCTION CULTURE HISTORY AND COLONIALISM
EMBATTLED PEOPLE OF THE LAND THE RA SOCIAL LANDSCAPE 18401875
NAVOSAVAKADUA AS PRIEST OF THE LAND
COLONIAL CONSTRUCTIONS OF DISORDER NAVOSAVAKADUA AS DANGEROUS AND DISAFFECTED NATIVE
NAVOSAVAKADUAS RITUAL POLITY
ROUTINIZING ARTICULATING SYSTEMS JEHOVAH AND THE PEOPLE OF THE LAND 18911940
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administrative ancestor gods Apolosi articulation authority Bauan Bisiki Bobuco British Buli Cakobau called Carew cargo cult chiefly Christian claimed coast coastal Colo Colonial Office Commissioner constructed Degei deities deportation descendants district Drauniivi Drauniivi village European Fiji Fiji's Fijian chiefs Gordon Governor heathen indigenous Indo-Fijian installing interior invulnerability itaukei Jehovah Jone Madraiwiwi Joske Jovesa Bavou Kadavu kaloko kalou rere Kauvadra gods Kauvadra range kava kin group kingdoms Lalakai Lands Commission Lewanavanua live mataqali meke Methodist missionaries Nakauvadra Nakorowaiwai Nakubuti narrative Nasi Nasoqo Native Native Lands Commission Navo Navosa Navosava Navosavakadua official Osea planters post-colonial practice priests province Ra province Rakiraki chiefs Ratu relations ritual ritual-political Roko Tui Ra Rotuma routinized Sadiri Samalia story Suva Taivesi Tavakece Tavua Thurston Togavere told Tui Vatu Tuka Turaga Turaga ni Koro Twins vanua Vanua Levu Vatukaloko Vatukaloko polity vision Viti Kabani Viti Levu Viwa Wakalou yavusa