Odor and VOC Control Handbook
Harold J. Rafson
McGraw-Hill, 1998 - Technology - 800 pages
VOC - Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) are liquids or solids that contain organic carbon (carbon bonded to carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, or sulfur, but not carbonate carbon as in CaCO3 nor carbide carbon as in CaC2 or CO or Co2), which vaporize at significant rates. VOC are probably the second most widespread and diverse class of emissions after particulates. Although some VOCs are emitted from large sources most are emitted from small sources like automobiles, bottles, or fingernail polish remover, spray paint cans, solvent usage etc. EPA definition Means any organic compound which particpates in atmospheric photo-chemical reactions. VOC's - are one of the major contributors to smog/ozone. Examples of VOC's - hydrocarbons benzene methyl butane, acetylene, naphthalene - toulene. Where do you find VOC's - Industrial Sources: a) Petroleum Refineries; b) Gasoline transfer; c) Manufacturing Plastics; d) Solvents. International - have the same issues. VOC control is a relatively new issue. It is more critical now than ever due to recent regulations. Odor control is a specialty requiring extra ordinary techniques and know-how. Both systems use similar equipment, and most of the information in the book will cover both types of control. The handbook covers fundamental chemical characteristics of these compounds. It covers the health effects from exposure. It covers different ways to analyze these emissions. The handbook covers emission control technology. Regulations, and Air Pollution Prevention. This book is a comprehensive reference on the treatment of odors and color control technology. It will cover odors emitted by a variety of industrial sources, including wastewater treatment plants,chemical process plants, and food industry plants; and will offer practical methods for evaluation control of odors. Prominent contributors will cover the scientific background, analytical and prediction methods, control technologies and practical guidelines to obtain odor control. The book will give practical, real word solutions for solving and controlling odor emissions problems to meet required regulations. Case studies and an extensive bibiliography will be included. It will be an indispensable reference for anyone dealing with odors and odor control technology in both the public and private sectors.
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Chemistry and Characteristics
Emission Control Technology 8
Health Effects and Exposure Assessments
12 other sections not shown
acid adsorber adsorption aeration air pollution airflow ambient analyzer application benzene biodegradation biofilter carbon catalytic chemical chlorine cleaning coating coefficients collection compliance concentration condensation contain corrosion cost decreased detection developed droplets effects efficiency Engineering environment Environmental Protection Agency equipment estimate Ethanol Ethylene glycol evaluation exposure facilities ferric chloride filter flow rate gases hazardous heat Henry's law hydrogen sulfide industrial inlet ketone limit liquid mass-transfer materials measured methods Methyl molecules monitoring odor control operating oxygen packing parameters percent performance phase plant pollution control pollution prevention potential pressure drop problem reduce regulations removal sample scrubber sewer sludge sodium hypochlorite solution solvents spray standard statistical stream surface tank techniques temperature thermal oxidizer threshold tion toluene toxic typically values vapor VOC emissions volatile organic compounds waste wastewater treatment