Policy Implications on Environment: The Case of Villagisation in Tanzania
Traditional methods of land management through rapid change in the name of "development" have led to land degradation. Resettlement during villagisation increased the human and livestock population. The concentration of this increased population into nucleated settlements and the rigid so-called "land-use plans" meant a complete disruption of the traditional land management system. This study points towards the need for educational and awareness programs to go along with policies which have environmental implications.
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CHANGES IN THE SOCIAL AND BIOPHYSICAL
EFFECTS OF VILLAGISATION ON VEGETATION
THE IMPACT OF VILLAGISATION ON SOIL EROSION
agricultural air photos Allan awareness of soil boundaries Brachystegia bushed grassland Bushland cattle Chapter Christiansson continuous cultivation debris slides deforestation degra dense and mid-dense dense woodland discussed distribution ecological effects environmental perception factors fallow periods fertilisers Figure finger millet Greenland 1965 immigration increase indicated indicator species indigenous Iringa Region Isaula Kihehe Kiyowela land degradation Landsat landslides Lugema village maize maps mid-dense woodland miombo Montane number of children Nye and Greenland organisation Parinari perceived Percentage plant population post-villagisation period pre-villagisation period regeneration resettlement resource respondents sample settlement pattern shifting cultivation shortage of trees shown in Fig shows social soil degradation soil erosion Source southern Mufindi District sparse woodland species study area suggests Table Tanzania tion traditional farming methods traditional settlement tree shortage tsetse fly Upland grassland Valley grassland vegetation changes village area villagisation villagisation period villagisation process villagisation programme wood fuel Wooded and bushed woodland system