Relativity: The Special and the General Theory
This is an introduction to Einstein?s space-bending, time-stretching theory of Relativity, written by the master himself. Special and General relativity explain the structure of space time and provide a theory of gravitation, respectively. Einstein?s theories shocked the world with their counterintuitive results, including the dissolution of absolute time. In this book he brings a simplified form of his profound understanding of the subject to the layperson. In the words of Einstein: "The present book is intended, as far as possible, to give an exact insight into the theory of Relativity to those readers who, from a general scientific and philosophical point of view, are interested in the theory, but who are not conversant with the mathematical apparatus of theoretical physics." The book is challenging at times but, when approached patiently, proves itself one of the most lucid explanations of Relativity to be found anywhere.
The System of Coordinates
Space and Time in Classical Mechanics
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acceleration according Šther behaviour body of reference Cartesian co-ordinates chest classical mechanics co-ordinate system concept of space consideration considered corresponding definition disc distance earth electrodynamics electromagnetic embankment energy equations Euclidean geometry existence experience expression fact finite fixed stars four-dimensional continuum fundamental Galileian system generalisation gravitational field H. A. Lorentz hold hypothesis idea imagine independent inertial mass inertial system infinite laws of nature light in vacuo little rods Lorentz transformation magnitude manner marble slab material points matter means measured mollusc natural laws Newton's objects observer obtained physicists plane position possible postulate of relativity principle of relativity propagation of light radius railway carriage ray of light regard result Riemann condition rigid body rotation satisfy Section simultaneous space co-ordinates special theory spectral lines spherical straight line surface system of co-ordinates theoretical theory of relativity thought three-dimensional tion tional field transmission of light universe validity velocity of light x-axis