In the last third of the nineteenth century Boston grew from a crowded merchant town, in which nearly everybody walked to work, to the modern divided metropolis. The street railway created this division of the metropolis into an inner city of commerce and slums and an outer city of commuter suburbs. This book tells who built the new city, and why, and how.
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Annexation architecture Back Bay Brookline builders Building Permit built Census central city central Dorchester central middle class cheap church City of Boston Colonial Revival conﬂicts construction Courtesy S.P.N.E.A. crosstown deﬁnition dwellings East Boston ethnic expensive ﬁeld ﬁlled ﬁnance ﬁrst ﬂoor frontage lot grid street horsecar immigrant income industrial inner Irish Jamaica Plain Jamaica Pond late nineteenth century lower middle class lower Roxbury metropolis metropolitan middle class families miles Mission Hill mortgage municipal neighborhood outer Park patterns percent peripheral towns Peter’s population proﬁt railroad real estate Residential Development row houses Roxbury highlands rural ideal segment shingle style single social society South Boston South End speculator statistics street and frontage streetcar streetcar suburbs structures subdivision suburban building suburbs Suffolk Deeds tenements three towns three-deckers tion towns of Roxbury trafﬁc transportation two-family house urban villages walking city Washington street West End West Roxbury