Smart Regulation: Designing Environmental Policy

Front Cover
Despite decades of policy experimentation, the ultimate goal of efficient and effective environmental regulation has continued to elude policy-makers and regulatory theorists. The less than satisfactory performance of both government and market approaches to environmental protection has led to the introduction of a broader range of policy mechanisms, such as education, information-based strategies, economic instruments and self-regulation. Yet these various policy instruments are usually treated as alternatives to one another rather than as complementary. Drawing from studies in North America, Europe and Australia, the authors show how the design of complementary combinations of policy instruments, tailored to particular environmental goals and circumstances, will produce more effective and efficient policy outcomes. They also confront the critical problem of how, at a time of fiscal constraint and small government, environmental policy might still be designed in ways that improve outcomes both for the environment and for business.

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About the author (1998)

Neil Gunningham is Director of the Australian Centre for Environmental Law, Australian National University, Canberra. In 1997 he was Visiting and Senior Fulbright Scholar at the Centre for the Study of Law and Society, University of California, Berkley. He was previously a Research Fellow at the American Bar Foundation, Chicago.

Peter Grabosky is Director of Research the Australian Institute of Criminology, Canberra and a Research Fellow at the Australian Centre for Environmental Law. He was previously Russel Sage Fellow in Law and social Science, Yale Law School, Senior Research Fellow, Research School of Social Sciences, Australian National University, and Visiting Professor, Institute of Comparative Law in Japan, Chuo University.

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