The Cultural Revolution: A People's History, 1962—1976

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Bloomsbury Publishing, May 5, 2016 - History - 432 pages
Acclaimed by the Daily Mail as 'definitive and harrowing' , this is the final volume of 'The People's Trilogy', begun by the Samuel Johnson prize-winning Mao's Great Famine.

After the economic disaster of the Great Leap Forward that claimed tens of millions of lives between 1958 and 1962, an ageing Mao launched an ambitious scheme to shore up his reputation and eliminate those he viewed as a threat to his legacy. The stated goal of the Cultural Revolution was to purge the country of bourgeois, capitalist elements he claimed were threatening genuine communist ideology. But the Chairman also used the Cultural Revolution to turn on his colleagues, some of them longstanding comrades-in-arms, subjecting them to public humiliation, imprisonment and torture.
Young students formed Red Guards, vowing to defend the Chairman to the death, but soon rival factions started fighting each other in the streets with semi-automatic weapons in the name of revolutionary purity. As the country descended into chaos, the military intervened, turning China into a garrison state marked by bloody purges that crushed as many as one in fifty people.
When the army itself fell victim to the Cultural Revolution, ordinary people used the political chaos to resurrect the marked and hollow out the party's ideology. In short, they buried Maoism. In-depth interviews and archival research at last give voice to the people and the complex choices they faced, undermining the picture of conformity that is often understood to have characterised the last years of Mao's regime. By demonstrating that decollectivisation from below was an unintended consequence of a decade of violent purges and entrenched fear, Frank Dikotter casts China's most tumultuous era in a wholly new light.
Written with unprecedented access to previously classified party documents from secret police reports to unexpurgated versions of leadership speeches, this third chapter in Frank Dikotter's extraordinarily lucid and ground-breaking 'People's Trilogy' is a devastating reassessment of the history of the People's Republic of China.
 

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Review: The Cultural Revolution: A People's History, 1962—1976

User Review  - Richard - Goodreads

Terrific writing and researching of a tragic history. Recommended. Read full review

Review: The Cultural Revolution: A People's History, 1962—1976

User Review  - Andrew - Goodreads

An encyclopedic discussion of Mao Tse Tung's leadership from the 1950's through 1976. A good start for someone interested in modern Chinese history. Read full review

Contents

Preface
Chronology
THE EARLY YEARS 19621966
Two Dictators
Never Forget Class Struggle
War on the Cultural Front
Clique of Four
THE RED YEARS 19661968
Quenching the Fires
THE BLACK YEARS 19681971
Cleansing the Ranks
Up the Mountains Down to the Villages
Preparing for
Learning from Dazhai
More Purges
Recovery

Poster Wars
Red August
Destroying the Old World
Mao Cult
Linking
Rebels and Royalists
Enter the Army
The Arms Race
The Silent Revolution
The Second Society
Reversals
Aftermath
Select Bibliography
Acknowledgements
A Note on the Author
Copyright

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About the author (2016)

Frank Dikötter is Chair Professor of Humanities at the University of Hong Kong and Professor of the Modern History of China at the University of London. He has pioneered the use of archival sources and published ten books that have changed the way historians view and understand China, from the classic The Discourse of Race in Modern China (1992) to his last book entitled The Tragedy of Liberation: A History of the Chinese Revolution 1945-1957 (2013). Frank Dikötter is married and lives in Hong Kong.

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