The Ecology of Natural Disturbance and Patch Dynamics

Front Cover
Steward T. A. Pickett, P. S. White
Academic Press, 1986 - Science - 472 pages
2 Reviews
Ecologists are aware of the importance of natural dynamics in ecosystems. Historically, the focus has been on the development in succession of equilibrium communities, which has generated an understanding of the composition and functioning of ecosystems. Recently, many have focused on the processes of disturbances and the evolutionary significance of such events. This shifted emphasis has inspired studies in diverse systems. The phrase "patch dynamics" (Thompson, 1978) describes their common focus.
The Ecology of Natural Disturbance and Patch Dynamics brings together the findings and ideas of those studying varied systems, presenting a synthesis of diverse individual contributions.
 

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Contents

Natural Disturbance and Patch Dynamics An Introduction
3
PATCH DYNAMICS IN NATURE
15
Disturbance Regimes in Temperate Forests
17
Stand Dynamics in Chilean Nothofagus Forests
35
Treefalls Regrowth and Community Structure in Tropical Forests
53
Gap Processes and LargeScale Disturbances in Sand Prairies
71
Shrubland Fire Regimes and Their Evolutionary Consequences
85
Disturbance and Patch Dynamics on Rocky Intertidal Shores
101
Adaptations of Insects to Disturbance
235
WithinPatch Dynamics of Life Histories Populations and Interactions Selection over Time in Small Spaces
253
Animal Population Genetics and Disturbance The Effects of Local Extinctions and Recolonizations on Heterozygosity and Fitness
265
Plant Population Genetics and Evolution in Disturbed Environments
287
IMPLICATIONS OF PATCH DYNAMICS FOR THE ORGANIZATION OF COMMUNITIES AND THE FUNCTIONING OF ECOSYSTEMS
305
DisturbanceMediated Coexistence of Species
307
Community Turnover and Ecosystem Nutrient Dynamics
325
Natural Disturbance and Ecosystem Energetics
335

Disturbance and Patch Dynamics of Subtidal Marine Animals on Hard Substrata
125
Disturbance and Vertebrates An integrative Perspective
153
Vertebrate Responses to Environmental Patchiness in Arid and Semiarid Ecosystems
169
ADAPTATIONS OF PLANTS AND ANIMALS IN A PATCH DYNAMIC SETTING
195
The Response of Woody Plants to Disturbance Patterns of Establishment and Growth
197
Responses of Forest Herbs to Canopy Gaps
217
Modeling Forest Landscapes and the Role of Disturbance in Ecosystems and Communities
353
SYNTHESIS
371
Bibliography
385
Index
457
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