The Edited Bible: The Curious History of the "editor" in Biblical Criticism

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Eisenbrauns, 2006 - Bible - 428 pages

There is a generally accepted notion in biblical scholarship that the Bible as we know it today is the product of editing from its earliest stages of composition through to its final, definitive and "canonical" textual form. So persistent has been this idea since the rise of critical study in the seventeenth century and so pervasive has it become in all aspects of biblical study that there is virtually no reflection on the validity of this idea" (from the Introduction). Van Seters proceeds to survey the history of the idea of editing, from its origins in the pre-Hellenistic Greek world, through Classical and Medieval times, into the modern era. He discusses and evaluates the implications of the common acceptance of "editing" and "editors/redactors" and concludes that this strand of scholarship has led to serious misdirection of research in modern times.

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Contents

Introduction
1
and Distribution
15
The Early History of Editing
27
Jewish and Christian Scholarship and Standardization
60
Editing in the
113
The Rise of Historical Criticism
133
Homeric Studies
163
The History of the Editor in Biblical Criticism
185
Summary and Conclusion
238
Wellhausen and the Rise of Redaction Criticism
283
Editing the Bible and Textual Criticism
298
Editors and the Creation of the Canon
351
Summary and Conclusion
391
Original Text of Translated Excerpts
402
Copyright

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Page xii - JSOT journal for the Study of the Old Testament JSOTSup Journal for the Study of the Old Testament — Supplement Series JSS Journal of Semitic Studies...
Page xii - Neuen Testament ZAW Zeitschrift fur die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft ZNW Zeitschrift fur die neutestamentliche Wissenschaft...
Page 135 - Ionia, just as some curious fragments of ancient poetry have been lately collected in the northern parts of this island, their reduction to order in Greece was a work of taste and judgment: and those great names which we have mentioned might claim the same merit in regard to Homer, that the ingenious Editor of Fingal is entitled to from Ossian.
Page 244 - Esther — do not rewrite the matter in their own language; they excerpt from the sources at their disposal such passages as are suitable to their purpose, and incorporate them in their work, sometimes adding matter of their own, but often (as it seems) introducing only such modifications of form as are necessary for the purpose of fitting them together, or accommodating them to their place. The Hebrew historiographer, as we know him, is essentially a compiler or arranger of pre-existent documents,...
Page 178 - Homer," if by this we mean the author of our poem, must be reserved for the poet who composed the Iliad at the time when it was put into writing. The poets who preceded him, even if we imagine them as singing poems the length of the Iliad and dealing with the same theme or group of themes, cannot have been responsible for the essential quality of what we possess. We must conclude that Kirk's belief...
Page 127 - Take my word for it, poor Homer, in those circumstances and early times, had never such aspiring thoughts. He wrote a sequel of songs and rhapsodies, to be sung by himself for small earnings and good cheer, at festivals and other days of merriment ; the Ilias he made for the men, and the Odysseis for the other sex.
Page 230 - Pentateuch — became known in the year 444 and was unknown till then. This shows in the first place, and puts it beyond question, that Deuteronomy is the first, and the priestly Torah the second, stage of the legislation. But in the second place, as we are accustomed to infer the date of the composition of Deuteronomy from its publication and introduction by Josiah, so we must infer the date of the composition of the Priestly Code from its publication and introduction by Ezra and Nehemiah.
Page 284 - Perrin defined redaction criticism as a discipline 'concerned with studying the theological motivation of an author as this is revealed in the collection, arrangement, editing, and modification of traditional material, and in the composition of new material or the creation of new forms within the traditions of early Christianity
Page xi - BZAW Beihefte zur Zeitschrift fur die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft CBQ Catholic Biblical Quarterly CBQMS Catholic Biblical Quarterly Monograph Series...
Page 179 - It seems difficult not to see in the use of writing both the means and the occasion for the composition, in the improvising style, of poems which must have transcended their own tradition in profundity as well as length, just as that tradition itself surpassed all subsequent traditions of heroic song.

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