The Politics of the Earth: Environmental Discourses
The Politics of the Earth provides an excellent and accessible introduction to thinking about the environment by looking at the way people use language on environmental issues. John Dryzek helps make sense of the diverse developments in environmental politics by analysing the main discourses which have dominated the area during the last three decades, and which are likely to be influential in the future:
Survivalism - based on the contention that the Earth has a limited stock of resources and prescribes drastic, multidimensional action to prevent global disaster, receiving a reply from Prometheans who deny such limits exist.
Environmental Problem Solving - recognizes the existence of ecological problems but views them as tractable within the basic framework of industrial society.
Sustainability - defined by imaginative attempts to dissolve the conflicts between environmental and economic values.
Green Radicalism - rejects the basic structure of industrial society and the way the environment is conceptualized and promotes transformation in human consciousness, economics, and politics.
John Dryzek provides a comprehensive and lively assessment of these various perspectives, their rise and fall, their interaction and impacts, and their strengths and weaknesses. His analysis of these discourses leads up to a concluding argument for a reinvigorated ecological democracy.
The Politics of the Earth offers a new way of classifying and comparing the main strands of environmental politics. It will be fascinating and essential reading for all students of environmental politics and policy, and for anyone with an interest in environmental issues.
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A Discourse Approach
List of Boxes and Figures
Global Limits and their Denial
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action actors administrative rationalism agency argue argument Assumptions about Natural Basic Entities believe bioregional bioregionalists Brundtland capitalism chapter citizens Club of Rome commons context corporations countries deep ecologists democratic pragmatism Discourse Analysis Dryzek Earth ecofeminism ecofeminists ecological modernization economic growth economic rationalism economic rationalists ecosystems Enlightenment environment environmental affairs environmental discourse environmental issues environmental justice environmental policy environmental problems environmentalists especially example existence expertise forests Garrett Hardin global green parties green politics green radicalism green rationalism green rationalists green romantics green taxes groups Hajer hierarchy human idea individuals industrial society institutions interaction involve Key Metaphors kind liberal democracy limits discourse ment mental Motives movement Natural Relationships nomic organization ozone political-economic pollution population problem solving produced Promethean discourse property rights Rhetorical Devices risk romanticism Simon social social ecology stress structure survivalism survivalists sustainable development tion United waste