The Rise, Fall, and Legacy of Apartheid

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Greenwood Publishing Group, 2004 - History - 255 pages

In this accessible narrative, Louw effectively tells the story of 20th-century South Africa by examining three political periods: British Hegemony (1900-1948), the Afrikaner Nationalist Period (1948-1993), and the post-1994 Black Nationalist Period. He argues that apartheid was premised upon the notion of political partition and not white supremacy. Apartheid was a political strategy, constructed by the ethnic minority in order to prevent them from becoming politically powerless. Unfortunately the partition plan failed, causing an era of pain for South Africa.

With apartheid now formally over, Louw presents a comprehensive overview of this important 20th-century phenomenon. Topics covered include: the roots and causes of apartheid; what was apartheid; the struggle against apartheid; why did Afrikaner Nationalists negotiate their own demise in the 1990s; and the impact of apartheid in contemporary South Africa.

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Contents

Milners Model of Settler Capitalism
1
The Theory of Apartheid
27
Apartheid in Practice
55
Apartheid in Crisis and Militarized Reform
85
The Struggle Against Apartheid Evolving Visions
105
The Struggle Against Apartheid The 1980s Uprising
131
Negotiating a Settlement to End Apartheid
160
The Emerging Postapartheid Society
173
Globalization and the New South Africa
191
Notes
203
Selected Bibliography
237
Index
241
Copyright

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Page 117 - We, the People of South Africa, declare for all our country and the world to know: That South Africa belongs to all who live in it, black and white...
Page 18 - If, ten years hence, there are three men of British race to two of Dutch, the country will be safe and prosperous. If there are three of Dutch to two of British, we shall have perpetual difficulty.
Page 15 - Our welfare depends upon increasing the quantity of our white population, but not at the expense of its quality. We do not want a white proletariat in this country. The position of the whites among the vastly more numerous black population requires that even their lowest ranks should be able to maintain a standard of living far above that of the poorest section of the population of a purely white country.
Page 127 - But the type of black man we have today has lost his manhood. Reduced to an obliging shell, he looks with awe at the white power structure and accepts what he regards as the "inevitable position.
Page 13 - The root idea of the old Pass Law was not a wrong one. If aboriginal natives are to come and go in large numbers in search of labour, and to reside for considerable periods in the midst of a white community, there must be some passport system, else the place will be a pandemonium. Alike for the protection of the natives and for the protection of the whites, it is absolutely essential to have some reasonable arrangements by which the incoming native can be identified, and his movements traced.
Page 14 - Europeans, for their requirements and capacities are very different, but that they should be trained to develop their natural aptitudes for their own good and that of the community. Undoubtedly the greatest benefit that could be bestowed upon them or South Africa generally would be to teach them habits of regular and skilled labour.
Page 127 - The first step therefore is to make the black man come to himself; to pump back life into his empty shell; to infuse him with pride and dignity, to remind him of his complicity in the crime of allowing himself to be misused and therefore letting evil reign supreme in the country of his birth.
Page 17 - The white man must rule, because he is elevated by many, many steps above the black man ; steps which it will take the latter centuries to climb, and which it is quite possible that the vast bulk of the black population may never be able to climb at all.
Page 55 - Bank, the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT...

About the author (2004)

P. ERIC LOUW is Director of Communication Programs at the University of Queensland. During the 1980s, Louw was a United Democratic Front anti-apartheid activist. His previous books include The Media and Cultural Production (2001), South Africa Media Policy (1993), and The Alternative Press in South Africa (1991).

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