## The Significance Test Controversy: A ReaderDenton E. Morrison, Ramon E. Henkel Tests of significance have been a key tool in the research kit of behavioral scientists for nearly fifty years, but their widespread and uncritical use has recently led to a rising volume of controversy about their usefulness. This book gathers the central papers in this continuing debate, brings the issues into clear focus, points out practical problems and philosophical pitfalls involved in using the tests, and provides a benchmark from which further analysis can proceed. |

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### Contents

The Contemporary Crisis or the Uncertainties of Uncertain | 8 |

Statistical Prudence and Statistical Inference | 22 |

Significance as Interpreted by the School of R A Fisher | 41 |

Introduction | 59 |

The Notion of a Hypothetical Universe Margaret Jarman Hagood | 65 |

The Significance of Insignificant Differences Hans Zeisel | 79 |

Comment on A Critique of Tests of Significance David Gold | 109 |

Randomization and Inference in Sociological Research | 116 |

Statistical Tests and Substantive Significance David Gold | 172 |

Significance Tests Reconsidered Denton E Morrison | 182 |

Proof? No Evidence? Yes The Significance of Tests | 199 |

Introduction | 209 |

The Fallacy of the Null Hypothesis Significance Test | 216 |

The Test of Significance in Psychological Research David Bakan | 231 |

A Methodological | 252 |

Statistical Significance in Psychological Research David T Lykken | 267 |

Some Statistical Problems in Research Design Leslie Kish | 127 |

Theory Probability and Induction in Social Research | 142 |

A Note Concerning the Uses of Statistical | 155 |

Common Misinterpretations of Significance Levels | 161 |

Introduction | 283 |

Publication Decisions and Their Possible Effects on Inferences | 295 |

A Comment | 301 |