The nature of sympathy...

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Transaction Publishers - Philosophy - 274 pages

The Nature of Sympathy explores, at different levels, the social emotions of fellow-feeling, the sense of identity, love and hatred, and traces their relationship to one another and to the values with which they are associated. Scheler criticizes other writers, from Adam Smith to Freud, who have argued that the sympathetic emotions derive from self-interested feelings or instincts. He reviews the evaluations of love and sympathy current in different historical periods and in different social and religious environments, and concludes by outlining a theory of fellow-feeling as the primary source of our knowledge of one another.

A prolific writer and a stimulating thinker, Max Scheler ranks second only to Husserl as a leading member of the German phenomenological school. Scheler's work lies mostly in the fields of ethics, politics, sociology, and religion. He looked to the emotions, believing them capable, in their own quality, of revealing the nature of the objects, and more especially the values, to which they are in principle directed.

"Scheler's book is in many ways important and great. The questions raised and the method followed are important: modern British thought with its crude use and abuse of the "emotive theory" could do well with a systematic study of the emotions which might show them up as complex intentional structures, and which might rely as much on the phenomenological insights of a Scheler, as on the behaviouristic flair of Gilbert Ryle."--J.N. Findlay, Mind

Max Scheler (1874-1928) was a professor of philosophy and sociology at the University of Cologne and was best known for his work in phenomenology, ethics, and philosophical anthropology.

Peter Heath (1920-2002) was a professor of philosophy at the University of Virginia and was former president of the Lewis Carroll Society of North America.

Werner Stark (1910-1985) was professor of sociology at Fordham University. He is recognized for his work in sociology of religion, social theory, and sociology of knowledge.

Graham McAleer is professor of philosophy and co-chair of the Catholic Social Thought Committee at Loyola College in Maryland.

 

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Contents

EDITORS PREFACE
vii
INTRODUCTORY NOTE TO THE FIFTH EDITION
xliii
PREFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION
li
FELLOWFEELING
lviii
PREFACE
3
GENETIC THEORIES OF FELLOWFEELING
37
METAPHYSICAL THEORIES
51
SYMPATHY AND ITS LAWS OF DEPENDENCE
96
THE RELATIONSHIP OF LOVE AND FELLOWFEELING
140
TOWARDS A PHENOMENOLOGY OF LOVE AND HATRED
147
BASIC VALUES OF LOVE AND THE LOVE OF GOOD
162
THE FORMS MODES AND KINDS OF LOVE AND HATRED
169
THE LIMITATIONS OF THE NATURALISTIC THEORY
175
NATURE AND SCOPE OF THE PROBLEMS
213
THE GENERAL EVIDENCE FOR THE THOU
234
INDEX OF SUBJECTS
265

Vn THE INTERACTION OF THE SYMPATHETIC FUNCTIONS
103
THE PHYLOGENETIC ORIGIN AND EXTENSION
130

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Max Scheler (1874-1928) was a professor of philosophy and sociology at the University of Cologne and was best known for his work in phenomenology, ethics, and philosophical anthropology.

Werner Stark (1909-1985) was a sociologist and economic historian. Among his other books are The Sociology of Knowledge; The History of Economics in Its Relation to Social Development; Montesquieu: Pioneer of the Sociology of Knowledge; and The Fundamental Forms of Social Thought, and The Social Bond.

Graham McAleer is professor of philosophy and co-chair of the Catholic Social Thought Committee at Loyola College in Maryland.

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