The Relationship Between General Health Perception and Wellness Perception Across Multiple Dimensions
Previous research on wellness has focused on the interrelations of the six dimensions of wellness (physical, social, emotional, spiritual, intellectual, and occupational). Research has supported the existence of these six wellness dimensions and numerous measures have been developed to evaluate wellness education and improvement. The present study investigated the relationship between general health perception and wellness across the various wellness dimensions. The purpose of this study was to increase general awareness of proactive health by determining the relationships between general health, physical activity readiness, and wellness perception across six previously identified dimensions of wellness. Findings were integrated with the theory of planned behavior to develop an action plan for improving general health. General Health Perception, Physical Activity Readiness, and Wellness Perception were determined in 976 members of a proactive wellness center. The subjects were administered the Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire, Personal Wellness Profile- Concise Plus Edition and the Proactive Wellness Assessment. A correlation analysis was performed. Results indicated a significant strong negative correlation between General Health Perception and Physical Activity Readiness. There was a strong positive correlation between General Health Perception and Physical Wellness perception. Physical Activity Readiness was negatively correlated with Physical Interest in Change such that individuals with fewer symptoms had less interest in changing their physical wellness. Physical Activity Readiness was also negatively correlated with five of the six dimensions of personal wellness: social, emotional, physical, spiritual, and intelligence. Results did not support the hypothesized relationship between General Health Perception and Physical Activity Readiness. Rather, General Health Perception was strongly correlated with Physical Wellness, which included several psychosocial factors. Overall, these results suggest the usefulness of including physical wellness factors (including planning and support for physical wellness) into a physical wellness program to improve general health perception and promote healthy behavior follow-through.
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