Trees for Shelter: A Guide to Using Windbreaks on Australian Farms
An easy-to-read, fully illustrated book, Trees for shelter a guide to using windbreaks on Australian farms ,has been produced to help farmers, land managers and policy makers realise the potential environmental and economic gains of integrating windbreaks into farming systems. This draws on the National Windbreaks Program findings and subsequent research to explain: how windbreaks work; their effects on factors that might limit productivity ;and how to design and maintain an effective windbreak system.
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Behind the trees
Farming with windbreaks
Designing and managing windbreaks
agricultural air temperature angle artificial shelters Australia average benefits biomass break cereals changes Chapter climate competition zone costs crop and pasture crop yields damage described Designing distance downwind early economic effects especially Esperance establishment evaporation example experiments extend factor farm field Figure Focus Box grain greater ground growing season growth humidity impact important improve increased influence land leaf length levels limited locations losses lower lupins maximum measurements metres microclimate National Windbreaks Program needed nutrients occur oriented paddock pasture pasture growth perpendicular plants porosity possible potential production protection pruning quiet zone rainfall range recorded reduced region response result root rows sandblasting severe shade showed similar soil studies surface temperature trees upwind wind blows wind direction wind erosion wind shelter wind speed wind speed reduction wind tunnel windbreak heights winter yield gains